The people of Virginia couldn’t grow enough of it, but didn’t resort to slavery right away. Slaves were few in the area, only a few that were bought there from the Caribbean, where they were often used for sugar cane. With the increasing demand for tobacco, the southern colonies needed a bigger labor force. Farmers and indentured servants couldn’t keep up with the demand for tobacco. Slaves were very successful for growing sugar cane, so eventually the southern colonies called for them to be bought over.
John Winthrop, the first governor of Massachusetts, emphasized in his sermon that they were to be “a city upon a hill”, where everyone can see them and can be represented as a model Christian community (Doc A), which would also shame England into truly reforming the Church of England. Unlike the Puritans, settlers in Chesapeake were blinded by thoughts of seeking gold, in which they did not find any (Doc F). Most of the Puritans came as families (Doc B) because they believed that society’s foundation rested not on the
The lack of skills by the settlers killed many colonists in Jamestown. Relationship with the Indians was another cause of the many deaths in early Jamestown, because of Francis West. 1609, (Francis West and thirty-six men sailed up the Chesapeake Bay to try to trade for corn with the Patawomeke Indians. The Indians have not seen much of the English and with luck might be friendlier. West loaded his small ship with grain.)
First, there is the main theme of both colonies, religion. The summer of 1607 the first colonists stepped foot onto Virginian soil. Observing the settlement of New Spain, the Virginia Company of England also wanted to reap the benefits of the New World “The Virginia Company investors hoped to found an empire that would strengthen England both overseas and at home" . While the colony was run under the pretext of Christianity, the settlers of Jamestown were guided more by their productivity than religion. “…on the whole, religion did not awaken the zeal of Chesapeake settlers…What quickened the pulse of most…folk was a close horse race, a bloody cockfight, or –most of all-an exceptionally fine tobacco crop” On the other hand, the Plymouth colony, settled in 1620, had very different grounds for emigrating from England.
This religious association doesn’t stem necessarily from the fact that these were royal colonies because England was ignoring what was going on in these colonies at the time, and they were simply built and operated for business purposes. All of these colonies were established to produce and export cultivation such as rice and tobacco in Virginia and the Carolinas. People who came to these colonies were mainstream Anglican indentured servants who did not come to the new world for religion, but simply for the land and/or money. North Carolina was the product of the split in the earlier colony of Carolina. South Carolina was much more profitable colony while North Carolina was rarely noticed by the crown.
Also in Massachusetts, in order to take part in office it was required to follow the puritan faith. When William Penn was given a large amount of land as a form of payment for the Kings debt towards his father, he established the colony Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania unlike other colonies was considered a safe haven for Quakers and other religious groups. However in the Chesapeake colonies did not focus much on religion because it was mostly populated by business men trying to make a living in the New World. There were also more Atheists in the Chesapeake because of the low life expectancy causing people to not believe in God as a savior.
Adversity such as starvation, disease, and conflicts with the Indians awaited them. When the colonists first arrived, their food supply ran out, and they believed that the Indians would help them. However, they did not because they were they were angered by the actions of Francis West’s actions while he was trying to trade corn with the Patawomeke Indians. (Document D) The colonists soon realized that they would need to grow their own crops in order to endure; however, they were soon faced with what the settlers called “starving time.” During the winter of 1609 through 1610, Jamestown was faced with a drought. (Document B) Without water, the crops were unable to grow which led to hunger, starvation, and death.
Tobacco production not only helped the colony grow prosperous, it also created new opportunities for over 90,000 immigrants who moved to the colony as indentured servants. Similarly, the New England economy was based on trade in the fishing and timber industries because of easy access to ports and wooded areas. Like Chesapeake families, New England colonists farmed, however, New Englanders practiced subsistence farming, small family farms which produced only enough food for a single family’s use. Another similarity between the two colonies is how both colonies dealt with the Indians. In the Virginia colony, Powhatan’s brother, Opechancanough, led a surprise attack on Virginia colonists and murdered over 300 of the 1,200 men in the colony.
Cripis was involved in the Boston massacre of 1768.the Boston massacre was when the British came to Boston to maintain order and enforce the taxes that the colonists were ordered to pay for after the French and Indian war but when the colonists did not obey then the British shot many colonists including crispis.phyllis was a slave but was granted with great masters who taught her both to read and write. She began writing poems and soon her masters had them published. She is one of the slaves who was not horribly mistreated. In conclusion the issue of slavery was a very big deal from how it started to how it ended.slavery grew a lot and for a legitiment reason according to the people of the time
Slavery, while not a huge issue at the time, was introduced because of the labor tobacco-growing required. Each region settled by the English colonists found great ways of profit: in the New England colonies was shipbuilding and fishing, the Middle Atlantic Colonies' main profits came from both land and sea, and the Southern Colonies' profit was mainly dependent on agriculture. America was not so dependent on Europe and did trade foodstuffs and other desirable goods with the Europeans, but continued to trade and be ruled by the British government. Unfortunately, America's desire to profit and grow became limited due to