The Vietnam War Essay

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In 1961 the Vietnam War began. It was one of the most important events of the American Century. During the war many soldiers in the US risked their lives to battle against communism. Of the Vietnam War, the Tet Offensive was the most important battle. The symbolism of the Tet Offensive was powerful. American forces were overwhelmed with the sneak attack of the Viet Cong. 4,000 soldiers engaged over Saigon, while tens of thousands of soldiers were over South Vietnam. The Tet Offensive was one of the most important battles of the Vietnam War. The U.S. and South Vietnam forces achieved tactical victory in this battle, it ended the war quicker, and determined U.S. presidency. Before the Vietnam War, France controlled Vietnam from 1859 until the defeat of France in World War II. The French had lost their power and Vietnam gained independence. France still wanted control over Vietnam. The Battle of Dien Bien Phu was fought between France and Vietnam. France was defeated and the Vietnamese finally had their land back. To settle the fighting, the Geneva Peace Accords were signed by France and Vietnam in the summer of 1954. The Geneva Peace Accords called for Vietnam to be separated into two states, North and South Vietnam. This is what caused the Vietnam War. Each state would have no leader until an election was made in 1956. But, with no president, the states fell apart. There was no election in 1956, they were chosen instead. Another cause of the Vietnam War was a civil war between the two states of Northern and Southern Vietnam. North Vietnam was a communist state. But, South Vietnam was not. The two states started to have conflicts with each other. The National Liberation Front, or NLF, initiated communist activities in South Vietnam in 1957. The U.S. decided they had to take sides to prevent communism from spreading to the South. The U.S., which did not agree with

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