How do Orwell and Attwood experiment with dystopian ingredients to reflect developing fears of modern societies? Both George Orwell’s 1984 and Margaret Atwood’s The Handmaid’s Tale prove to be forewarnings of future societies run by totalitarian governments; where civilians are forced to live by their rules and for certain purposes to ensure the governments own goals and aspirations; however, both authors have differentiated dystopian features, or ingredients, to create governments for very different reasons. George Orwell, a middle-class scholar from England, lived in a society where class was almost everything, war had ripped apart the economy and social values were changing; he used the ideas of communism and other fascist regimes of the recent WW2 to implement a dystopia filled with control and suspicion, technological advances, censorship and war, much like the Nazi regime or Soviet Russia, thus reflecting his fear of totalitarianism and one party states who control their countries totally and absolutely. Atwood, of a later generation, grew up reading Orwell’s novels and inspired by them, wrote novels such as The Handmaid’s Tale in order to convey a feminist view of society through a dystopia, interweaving political ideas and sexuality, to forewarn of the effects of unjust governments and namely, the religious fundamentalists in America at the time. Even now these novels can be related to our own modern society, with political reforms in Libya for example.
Chapter 31 Essay In the destructive nature of World War I where the great powers of the world were locked in an armed struggle for survival. America lay on the sidelines, sticking to her policy of neutrality. But as the war progressed and the rules of war broken, America found herself getting sucked into this new global war. When America finally did declare war it was inspired by German naval policy, Woodrow Wilson's idealism, and America's claim to world power. All motivated the U.S. to declare war on Germany and help the war torn Allies and defeat the Central Powers.
Through the years people have had the mentality that the advancement of technology will lead to the advancement of human civilization. However there are others who think just the opposite and one of them is Ray Bradbury. Bradbury uses imagery in both Fahrenheit 451 and The Martian Chronicles to show that the advancement of technology will eventually lead to the decay of human society. Fahrenheit 451 is a book that takes place in the future and in a society that has transformed into almost a dictatorship because of technology. An effect of technology that is shown very clearly in the book was that it made people less social even with their close ones.
Pg 40 from; ‘It’s war. They’ve attacked’ to the end of the chapter. Comment on the importance of this extract and its relationship to the novel as a whole. Confusing and shocking, to the reader as much as the characters, this extract from ‘The Siege’ by Helen Dunmore is essential to the structure and development of the novel and also the novel as a whole. In this extract, Dunmore introduces war into the novel.
Communism in the Cold War "The seeds of totalitarian regimes are nurtured by misery and want, they spread and grow in the evil soil of the poverty and strife. They reach their full growth when the hope of a people for a better life has died. We must keep that hope alive." as said by Harry S. Truman on march 12, 1947 in The Truman Doctrine. While Truman, Eisenhower, and Kennedy all had the same same Cold War intention of ending communism, their ways of achieving their goal were different.The Cold War was an angry dispute between the United States and the Soviet Union about whether we should spread or contain communism (Ayres 817).
In Blade Runner, technology is repeatedly used as a crotch to solve problems, ironically again, trying to solve the problems it caused, which include the polluted world through the off world colony and it’s resource problems with Replicants. Scott uses a pre-recorded statement, “A new life awaits you on the off world colonies! A chance to begin again in a golden age of opportunity and adventure” with a cliché voice and cheesy slogan to reflect his animosity to the 20th century and it’s increasingly dishonest and greedy approaches to selling products. He tries to reflect the mentality of a certain group of
Charles Yale Harrison’s novel Generals Die in Bed strips away the misconception that war and is glorious and in doing so strongly conveys to the reader the horrible reality that was the First World War Harrison emphasises the harshness of this reality through the constant bombardment of gruesome and desensitising events experienced by the Narrator. The dramatic degree of different between the fictional views held by the public and the truth is highlighted by the contrast of the soldier’s experiences and society’s false impressions. Furthermore the novel shows war for what it truly is, a dominant force with the power to consume, transform and scar all that stands in it’s way. Through GDIB the reader is given a raw and truthful depiction of the
A better description of a futuristic film is dystopia. Dystopia is “an often futuristic society that has degraded into a repressive and controlled state, often under the guise of being utopian.” there are a lot of example for this such as “The Matrix” in which the whole human race is controlled by the technology we created to better the world. “Equilibrium” Is a good example of the attempt to create a perfect society made through fear of everything that makes us human in turn imprisoning ourselves. “The Book of Eli” and “the Road” both are post apocalypse films that describe the world without society, post apocalypse films usually describe a world after society crumbled and usually exposes the things we would miss about our lives trying to make us better understand and appreciate what we have. In a way this is pro society propaganda.
However, the breakdown in relations between the emerging superpowers during the war and the consequences of the disbandment of the Grand Alliance can be interpreted as the start of the Cold War. Tensions during wartime conferences paved the way for post-war conflict and it can be argued that as soon as the common enemy of Hitler was destroyed, the disparity in post-war aims of the superpowers led to the Cold War. The conferences of ‘the Big Thee’ at Yalta and Potsdam produced areas of tension surrounding plans for Germany and Poland, highlighting the USA fear of USSR’s expansion. Therefore Stalin’s policies for these countries can be construed as an attempt to form an ‘Eastern Bloc’, knowing this to be in complete contradiction with Western ideals for a world without spheres of influence. However, there is not much evidence to suggest the USSR’s was pursuing expansionist aims at this point, and in fact was simply securing its borders.
In America, a land once referred to as a “Melting Pot,” globalization has been lauded as an important value. However, many of the various people groups that immigrated to America began to lose their cultural identity for the sake of globalization. Over the course of a few generations, this caused America to move towards the “Salad Bowl” theory of globalization. The end