The Use of Artificial Performance Enhancement in Sports

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The use of artificial performance enhancement in sports The use of artificial performance-enhancing substances in order to win in sports have been prevalent since the 1980’s, and the enhancing substances and methods have been advancing and becoming more difficult to detect using the current technologies. Artificial performance enhancement remains very controversial, and it has created many problems regarding the significance of rules, equal opportunity and the values in the sport industry. Also, many people have raised the question of what makes using artificial performance enhancement as a mean to improve performance different from other enhancement methods such as better equipment, more sophisticated training technology, and so on. While the use of artificial performance enhancement can be sometimes beneficial, it could also produce many potential hazards at the same time. If the potential hazards are not managed well enough, they might turn into some more serious tragedies. Therefore the benefits and damages have to be discussed further to find a balance and possible solutions to this issue. In order to explore deeper into this issue, we need to take one step back first to look back at the historical cases related to the use of artificial performance enhancement in sports. In the 2006 Winter Olympics hosted in Italy, a Russian biathlete named Olga Medvedtseva was charged with inappropriate use of artificial performance enhancing substances. After a positive drug test, Olga Medvedtseva was disqualified as the silver metal winner in the women's 15 km individual race and banned from any athletic competitions for two years. In the 2002 Winter Olympics hosted by the US, three cross-country skiers named Johann Mühlegg, Larissa Lazutina, and Olga Danilova were disqualified after the positive blood test results for the use of darbepoetin. At the end of 2003, the

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