The Tsar Essay

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There wasn’t much difference between the reasons that lead to 1905 and 1917 revolutions and yet the Tsar survived the 1905 revolt arguably easily but 1917 was the end to his regime. This is due to an array of reasons and things that had changed in between including political, economic and social factors such as severe poverty and changing support of the people One of the most drastic differences between the 1905 and 1917 revolutions were the demands of different social groups. The peasants were seen as a largest force, as they were 80% of the Russian population, in the 1905 revolution, ,they simply wanted land ownership, and Witte cleverly handled the situation by introducing land reforms, hence splitting the opposition. He removed the redemption payments and freed the peasants from Mir communes allowing them to buy or sell land as they pleased. All these new policies gave hope to the peasants of a better living standard causing them to derevolutionize, leaving a much smaller number of revolutionaries that could easily be taken care of by the tsar and his army. However this hope with in the peasants was short lived as most of the land reforms simply helped the Kulaks, the rich peasants, get richer. This was because they were able to buy more land on the outskirts of Russia where the best land was, helping them have a higher yield. The anger and hatred for the Tsar grew further when Russia joined World War one. By 1916 about 15 million men had been conscripted, with most of the male peasantry gone very few farmers left and hence less food production. There was already economic stress as most peasants were already in a serious poverty and the decrease in food production just further weakened them. The army was requisitioning grain and horses from them and took one third of everything they produced leaving the peasants almost nothing causing many to die of

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