The treaty was really harsh on the Germans. Germany had to accept all the blame for causing the start of WW1 when it wasn’t even Germany that started. The direct cause of WW1 was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria by Gavrilo Princip, a Bosnian Serb. The treaty also wanted Germany to pay huge amounts of cash to countries that faced damages due to the war. This is unfair because only Germany was required to pay for the reparations (about 6,600 million Euros).
Churchill believed that in order to guarantee the security of Czechoslovakia, Europe should have held Germany back and Britain and France should have worked together as an alliance. George F. Kennan, an American Secretary of State during the cold war also disagreed with the Munich Agreement. Kennan thought that Chamberlain and Daladier only agreed with Germany’s proposal only because they didn’t want to participate in war. Chamberlain and Daladier wanted to maintain the peace in Europe. (Document 6) As written in The Origins of the Second World War, by A.J.P.
To counterblockade Great Britain, Germany invented the new submarine weapons called U-boats that attacked without warning and spared no lives, which invoking international law and national honor. So Wilson threatened Germany to ‘strict accountable’ for any American losses. Germany promised not to sink any American ships. But this soon led to a new conflict: the safety of American passengers on vessels of nations at war. And that’s what exactly happened on the morning of May 7, 1915, Germany sank the British passenger liner that has nearly 1200 man, women, and children passengers, including128 American as well.
They feared that unrestricted laws on subs, which would lead to the attack on U.S trade ships to England, would force the United States to give up its neutral position and officially join the opposing side. German Chancellor Bethmann Hollweg shared that very fear with the Kaiser in February, 1916 (Doc. 13). Chancellor Hollweg was not the only high-ranking official to share this opinion. Minister of Treasury Dr. Helferich voiced “…I see nothing but catastrophe following the [use] of the U-boat weapon… (Doc.
“Complacent and ultimately harmful to British Interests” How far do you agree with this opinion of GB foreign policy in years 1925-1929? Between the years 1925-1929 British concerns on foreign policy were primarily on the basis of preserving peace and easing the Franco-Germany tensions, defence of Britain, maintaining the status quo, and healing the economy. The terrible losses of the First World War made both politicians and public recoil from the prospect of another war. Thus, Britain seemed to have everything to lose and nothing to gain from a major war, therefore the emphasis on preserving peace were made quite clearly throughout foreign policy as well as compromise, conciliation and concession to prevent any aggression. However some historians would say that Britain was too complacent when it came to foreign policy, and as soon as they believed they had reached satisfactory targets, they wouldn’t go any further, and so risk harming British interests.
The pact was the final cause of war as Hitler could now invade Poland without any interference from Stalin. Britain and France had declared war on Germany as they guaranteed Poland’s independence. However, the policy of appeasement in the 1930’s also played a big role in causing the Second World War. Appeasement had led Hitler to believe that Britain and France were weak. Britain and France gave Germany the Rhineland, the Sudetenland and they were allowed to have an Anschluss with Austria.
She felt that the Treaty was unfair as it stressed and emphasized that Germany was solely responsible for the World war. According to Article 231 from the War Guilt clause, Germany had to accept “ the responsibility of Germany and her allies for causing all the loss and damage. Therefore this lead to the Germans paying reparations to the Allied Powers. Germany had to pay 6.6 million Euros for all the damage it had done during the world war. Furthermore, German territory was taken away due to the terms of the Treaty of Versailles.
“A compromise that satisfied nobody.” How far do you agree with this verdict on the treaty of versailles?’’ The treaty of versailles was the peace settlement signed after the WWI between the allied powers and Germany which aimed to make Germany accept the responsibility of causing the war and therefore pay for its consequences. It took six months of negotiations to conclude the treaty as nations had different aims. France urged to cripple Germany thoroughly through maximum reparations and disarmament while Britain and USA were on a more lenient stance. As a result, the final treaty failed to satisfy their individual aims completely. The peace treaty did not satisfy France as it was not harsh enough in the eyes of France.
The treaty was not the only reason for the failure of the Weimar Republic, issues such as the period time and the great depression contributed to this also. To state the treaty of Versailles was the only significant factor is difficult, as no single factor contributed to the rise of the Nazi party and eventual fall of Germany. The Treaty of Versailles stated that Germany was to loose essential territory to various victors of World War One. The most significant being loosing Alsace and Lorraine to France. The treaty added to Germany losing six million inhabitants and essential resources that contributed to their exports and in turn the economy.
Following the defeat of Imperial Germany in World War I, the Treaty of Versailles was signed in order to impose restrictions on Germany and help prevent the country from causing another outbreak of war. The Treaty was headed by the Allies and forced terms upon the new German representatives with very little notice, and this combined with the harsh terms that were to be fixed upon the country, caused much uproar within the German public. However, there was no other solution for Germany as it was either sign or be invaded by the Allies, compelling the treaty to be known as a Diktat, somewhat ironic as Hitler was to turn the country into the very entity that had antagonized the German public. The first clause of the Treaty was territorial, and “deprived Germany of around 13.5% of its 1914 territory (some seven million people) and all of its overseas possessions.” This was a huge blow to Germany, as many of its citizens also lived in these areas, becoming a main focus of Hitler’s path to war in order to reunite German people. The next restriction was placed on the armed forces, where Germany army’s “ limiting the German Army to 100,000 men”, and a ban on tanks and the air force.