Early in history China and the Middle East were two of the greatest and most prominent regions. The two as great as they were came under the rule of the Mongols. The political effects of Mongol rule on China and the Middle East were similar in the leadership present, but differed in the administrators used. The economic effects of Mongol rule on China and the Middle East were similar in that both regions were forced to give up money, but differed in their presence of an economy. The political effects of Mongol rule in China and the Middle East were similar in their leadership.
The Mongols are a group of nomadic people, in which throughout history have invaded, conquered and ruled many civilizations. Two of these civilizations are China and Russia, which were both affected economically and politically because of Mongol Rule. The Mongols demanded tribute from both empires and even decided to form their own dynasty in China, the Yuan dynasty. The Mongols also set up the Golden Horde, which demanded tribute from Russia. The effect of Mongol rule on Russia and China was similar in some respects and different in others economically.
(116). An ancient trade route through the capital of Lhasa allowed contact with travelers, monks and tradesmen from neighboring India and China and were an early influence on culture, however Tibetans developed their own unique and distinguishable identity. Language, history, customs and symbols are important to their culture and its devout Buddhist religion is the underlying current which dictates these elements. The language spoken in Tibet is referred to as “Tibeto-Burman” and has many regional dialects that Buddhist scholar Kapstein states are resulting from the isolation of various populations within Tibet. (21).
The tribes were linked by similar religious beliefs but until the advent of Chingis (Genghis) Khan, the Mongols were not truly united. Each tribe had a leader who “fruitlessly defended their land, due to the large disintegration of the many clans.” (E-Mongol, 1999) The catalyst in their meteoric rise to empire
China-v-India During the classical age, when nations were first able to develop individual, and unique cultures and traditions, the outcomes were shaped not only by political power, but also by the social atmospheres and customs created at the time. China and India had many of the same promising beginnings within their governing structures, and class relations. However, India progressed more in a cultural way, and China in a more politically based fashion. China and India continued to both have societal gaps, and central government success’ and failures, but the political and social divides kept them from paralleling religiously or economically. The regions had a lot in common socially from a wide perspective.
The inability to conquer Japan was the campaign that kept Mongols from building a lasting civilization, also the death of Kublai, then the fact that his successors were weak and led to the rebels to overthrow them to form the Ming dynasty. Even though the Mongol Empire collapsed a long time ago, and the Mongolian state has become relatively small in size compared to other countries, Mongolian influences are still effective today in Russia and China as well as other parts of the world. With political, economical, religious influences upon once conquered states, the Mongol Era is truly remarkable in its ability to change and reform other countries. Of course, both positive and negative effects came out of Mongolian rule, but overall, the Mongolian era was a positive period of time. The East and West Worlds are finally connected by series of routes, and trade, religion, as well as other goods and ideas are quickly spread.
Politically geography often determined whether a ruler maintained his empire or whether he fell. Geography impacted the social aspects of all early societies by limiting their interactions and helped establish the early signs of culture. Societies, especially those in China were severely limited to who they could interact with. Due to the surrounding Gobi Desert and Himalaya and Kunlun Mountains societies were limited in their social capacity (Doc 2). This meant that the people could really only interact with themselves and spread ideas among each other.
From Then to Now: Tibet’s Struggle for Freedom by Hayley Von Normann Tibet is known for its wondrous mountains, beauty, and the unique, culture-rich people that live there--but many people do not know of the story behind what they see, and the real situation in Tibet. It first began in 1949, when the People’s Liberation Army of the PRC began to invade Tibet, this was when Mao Zedong first came into power. He wanted to “peacefully liberate” Tibet, and sending his army there, Tibet was practically theirs in a short amount of time. In 1951, the Chinese government imposed the “17-Point Agreement for the Peaceful Liberation of Tibet” on the Tibetans; it was signed only from pressure and fear. Tibet became an Autonomous Region of China, and has been since that day.
Sinicization is one of the most common doubts by historians who study about Qing Dynasty. Question like ‘How did the Manchu who were outnumbered by Han Chinese people managed to conquered and succeeded in ruling China for so long?’ lead one to wonder whether one of the reason for their success is sinicization. This doubt about sinicization has brought two historians to debate and attack each other opinion publicly. According to historian Ping Ti Ho, sinicization is undoubtedly the key to the success of Qing Dynasty but historian Evelyn S.Rawski did not agree about sinicization and argues instead that Qing was quite a multiethnic empire. In Ping Ti Ho 1967 paper, he stated 5 reasons why Qing Dynasty is one of the most important dynasty.
The Shang Dynasty also known as the Yin Dynasty ran from 1700 B.C to 1027 B.C. Is thought to be erected by a rebel leader who ousted the previous Xia leader. The Shang dynasty is documented for the styles that provide China with its cultural heritage. The Shang dynasty used royal workspaces to produce bronze containers, but also included tools, weapon’s, and instruments. They were also big on hunting, and farming as a profitable methods.