These European empires believed it was, “the white man’s burden” to civilize the people they called heathens and savages of these countries. However, as Imperialism was broken down, the question of whether or not European conquerors were ever in control remains. In “Shooting an Elephant”, George Orwell first reveals his opposition to imperialism. Then, through the parallels between the British Empire and a Burmese elephant and the action of shooting the elephant, Orwell points out the incomplete control of the British Empire over Burma which also represents the breakdown of imperialism. Although the author was working as a police officer for the British Emperor, he strongly opposed the idea of Imperialism.
Mao adapted Communist ideas to China and he followed in Joseph Stalin’s footsteps by abusing his power and crippling the Chinese in fear with his totalitarian rule. In this essay I will be exploring the factors contributing to one of the biggest disputes in historical knowledge. Was Mao Zedong’s role in achieving communism genuine or has it been exaggerated and morphed by the Asian populations living under absolute despotism. “Idealism is no panacea in a totalitarian regime.” 1 - Quoted by a 20th century philosopher. It wasn’t said about Mao however it adapts to his ideas and aspirations.
This was also a key reason for entire divisions of their military to defect to the CCP (6A). So when the Civil War broke out not only did Mao Zedong have countless amounts of support from the people of China but he also had entire divisions of what once was the KMT's military (1A & 6A). Chiang Kai-Shek had already lost China before the Civil War had started and had no other option than to flee to Taiwan with the rest of the nationalists. Agrarian Reform, Social Reform & Suppressing Counterrevolutions Some of Mao's first policies were to strip land, possessions and properties off
When news footage of this event was received around the world, Americans were criticized for supporting a government that would allow religious persecution. America gave Diem the option to give back the Buddhists their rights and treat them equally, or America was going to pull their support. The event that was dependent upon the action of the
While the protest lacked an identical cause or leadership, most of the protesters were generally against the economic policies and authoritarian of the ruling of the Chinese Communist Party and expressing calls for democratic reforms in the structure of government. The PRC government then used betrayal as an excuse and in Beijing, and used military force to suppress the demonstrators. The resulting military crack down caused a number of innocent citizens dead or injured. The report on number of deaths and injured ranged from two hundred – three hundred (PRC government) to two thousand – three thousand (Chinese Red Cross). Following the violence, the government carried out mass arrests of demonstrators and suppressed their supporters and other protests around China.
Following the resilience from the protesters, the then Chinese paramount leader Deng Xiaoping and other party elders resolved in using force against the protesters. They declared a total Martial law on the protesters and deployed 300,000 troops to Beijing that led to the wide spread killing at the Tiananmen Square and arrest of the protesters and their supporters, and also expelled foreign journalist from china. Reference: http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB16/ http://www.tsquare.tv/themes/TatTcover.html
However, Sun Yatsen was not in the country at the time the revolution started, implying that the Qing would’ve fallen anyway. An influential character of the revolution was Sun Yatsen, the leader of the tongmenghui. Sun was a nationalist revolutionary who believed that the only way China could refrain from being a backwards country was to adopt western ways in agriculture, industry and become a republic. Sun was educated abroad as a doctor in Hong Kong where he experienced the lifestyle of those who lived in the Western Society. However, by the time of his graduation, Sun believed that whilst the Manchu dynasty still existed, China would remain corrupt and backwards.
After losing the civil war to Communist Chinese and fleeing to Taiwan in 1949, the nationalist Kuomintang (Also called the KMT) leaders of the Republic of China regarded the Communist Chinese government as illegitimate, claiming the mainland as rightfully their own. (Steinfield) Beijing, in turn, regards Taiwan as a renegade province, and has tried repeatedly to persuade the island to negotiate a return to the idea(Taiwan). The KMT returned to power in 2008 after being in opposition for eight years. During this time President Chen Shui-bian and his Democratic Progressive Party had engaged in policy that widely departed from the KMT, invigorating efforts to seek Taiwan's sovereignty. Current President Ma Ying-jeou takes a decidedly more conciliatory approach; shortly after taking office he declared a "diplomatic truce" with China.
Why China needs the freedom of speech Yu Zhang Composition 102 In November 2010, the Nobel peace prize committee announced the prize of this year was awarded to Liu Xiaobo, amid the great controversy in the world. In the perspective of Chinese government, Liu was labeled as a criminal who was inciting the subversion of state power, because his political speech and related articles were strongly opposing the standing point of Chinese government. However, conversely, Liu was imaged as a human rights fighter who was dedicated to the improvement of Chinese political freedom and urged for the political reform. These contrary images of Liu Xiaobo, a college professor, exemplify the great conflicts of interpretation towards the freedom of speech between China and major democratic countries. China has articulately stated that the freedom of speech shall be limited under the governance of laws.
Second Anglo Afghan War Image 6: The Second Anglo-Afghan War On November 1875; the prime minister of Britain, Benjamin Disraeli, made Lord Lytton governor general of India. Lytton was mainly concerned with the relationship between India and Afghanistan. He was also concerned with the fact that there was great Russian influence in Afghanistan and wanted to take that away. Lord Lytton decided to launch the second Anglo Afghan war on November 21, 1878 with a British invitation. Shir Ali, the son of Dost Mohammad was forced to leave his capital and country.