My personal preferred lens is the Equality/Rationality in the Relationship lens. The Equality/Rationality Lens means that I use my reasoning skills to determine what should and needs to be done to ensure fairness for all. The strength of this lens is my ability to research all options and implement the options that I feel are fair to the situation and everyone involved. My weakness is that I can put too much thought into what is right in a situation, I tend to impose my will on others without looking to see that there might be other options relevant to the situation. I may also be tempted to exempt myself and others from the rules convinced that the rules were meant for others or that the actions I am taking really are fair for everyone.
Some of those barriers are related to cultural aspects such as language diﬀerences and religious dogma. Others are related to the faith that participants have in science such as false expectations. Having awareness of these types of barriers is crucial for both researchers and participants. Misunderstandings concerning the experimental procedures can lead participants to get involved in research projects that they dont approve of. Finding themselves in this situation can have great eﬀects on the psychological and physical wellbeing of participants.
ETHICAL LENS INVENTORY Ethical lens Inventory is used as a way to identify what values are more important to us as an individual.The inventory allows us to see ethical issues clearly whenever we have ethical dilemma without clear option/choice and it also helps to learn how to resolve them better.People have different priorities and different values helps to respect each others point of views. There are four primary ethical perspectives. Two of them are to help us to determine using Rationality(critical thinking ) are: 1)Rights&Responsibility Lens:you use your rationality to how to live with universal rules. 2)Relationship Lens:Its about equality of community so that everybody gets treated fairly. The other two of the ethical lenses are using your Sensibility (Intuition) which means using your intuition and emotions for our behavior to be ethical are : 1)Results Lens:using your sensibility to decide your decisions which will make you happy and adds more happiness to your life.
I can more easily relate to the reasoning that the differences in intellectual ability are a product of social inequalities. I believe that in some less-fortunate communities or families, access to better materials and opportunities is limited, resulting in behavioral differences than those with full access to those resources. I am a product of a well-rounded upbringing. Through constructive guidance and nurturing, my parents taught me the important principles and morals that I continue to live by today. My family isn’t billionaires, but we know that you have to work hard for the things that you want.
The author is trying to get people to put their character ethics into perspective by introducing, in laymen’s terms, the foundations and skills which will help to build these characters but without the religious interventions. The overview of the book tries to prepare you so that when you get to the first habit, you will have a better understanding of how the habits came about. It explains the differences of the personality ethics most people possess today instead of the character ethics we were born with. It starts with some common problems that most people can relate to. Then it goes through the history of character ethics and how society seemed to have lost these ethics to personality ethics.
Some people, especially psychologists, believe that the best way to give advice to our friends, family and other people is to identify what they want and then advising them about how to reach that they desire. However, other people, including psychoanalysts, think that it is not necessary to find out the interests and goals of the people who are asking us an advice. As you can see, this issue is a controversial one but a closer examination reveals that identifying what people want is mandatory in order to give a good advice. My reasons are the following: First, if we don’t identify what people want, probably we will give a wrong advice. In other words, if we don’t consider the motivations of these people who look for an advice, probably we will advise them based on our personal desires and goals, which probably may be the opposite of these people want.
According to Descartes, in order to believe in claim, put by religion, politics, science and even philosophy, to be the truth, one must put such claims under strong reasoned doubt. This helps to unveil the reality behind everything, basing our argument that for you more about any issue, it’s advisable to take opposite stand regarding the issue. Cartesian Doubt is of significance to people’s intellectual development and helps him/her be in a good position to carry his/herself well in society. Such cases where this reasonable doubt is helpful to people intellectually include the following. In most cases we find ourselves as judges.
However, the most straightforward answer is that psychology is about understanding people; how they think, what they say and why they do what they do. Obviously, this is not the whole answer, because there may occur a problem with trying to understand people. People are complex and change all the time as we learn from our experiences, and our behaviour is determined and influenced by many different factors. People, generally, form good intentions and are acted on by circumstances. Therefore, everyone has their own ideas and opinions about others, which can influence what we do and also how we interpret what others are doing.
“In what ways may disagreement aid the pursuit of knowledge in the natural and human sciences?” Humans have a constant thirst of gaining knowledge to discover new ideas or concepts. The pursuit of knowledge has generally led to a more civilized and developed world. But sometimes, when people acquire knowledge, it clashes with their personal beliefs which lead to disagreement. Disagreement can be defined as having contradicting ideas in the society, which consists of scientists, researchers, students and many more. But, to what extent are logic and reasoning used to explain beliefs?
Counselors advocate change at all levels to improve the quality of life for individuals or groups, while eliminating obstacles that make it difficult to receive proper services. Christian counselors promote the same quality as secular counselors but incorporate the messages of Jesus Christ. Three specific areas competence, conflict of Interest and termination are valuable in the counseling profession. Understanding these areas in the code of ethics of counseling is an important responsibility in order to be a professional and suitable counselor. Can Your Code of Ethics Be Wrong?