The Theory of Practice

1863 Words8 Pages
The Practice of the Theory

Kelly Voelm

NUR/403 Theories and Models of Nursing Practice

May 27, 2012
Stephanie Guignard

The Practice of the Theory

This is a nurse’s view of Watson’s Caring Theory that has been put into action with a clinical aspect of the nursing practice. The act of caring is the focus of Watson’s theory and is the basis for the nurse and the implementation of the nursing process. Caring allows Watson’s theory to become a viable clinical area for the nurse to begin the nursing process and ultimately the positive outcomes that are the goal of nursing.
The Goal of the Theory The goal of Watson’s theory focuses on growth, not only for the patient, but the nurse, as well. Human care is the basis to this growth and was developed to form the science of caring. The science of caring is not only caring for the patient but it also involves guiding the patient to form relationships, have faith and hope in the future, and a gradual process of holistic healing of the mind, body and spirit. The carative factors that make up Watson’s theory are: 1. Humanistic – altruistic system of values 2. Faith – hope 3. Sensitivity to self and others 4. Helping – trusting, human care relationship 5. Expressing positive and negative feelings 6. Creative problem – solving caring process 7. Transpersonal teaching – learning 8. Supportive, protective, and/or corrective mental, physical, societal and spiritual environment 9. Human needs assistance 10. Existential – phenomenological – spiritual forces (Watson, 1988) Watson’s theory implies that these are the basic attitudes that nursing must engage in to care for the patient as a human being. The four major concepts of Watson’s theory are: the human being, health, environment and nursing. The human being is described

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