The military condition deteriorated, and by 1963 South Vietnam had lost the fertile Mekong Delta to the Vietcong. In 1965, Johnson escalated the war, commencing air strikes on North Vietnam and committing ground forces, which numbered 536,000 in 1968. The 1968 Tet Offensive by the North Vietnamese turned many Americans against the war. The next president, Richard Nixon, advocated Vietnamization, withdrawing American troops and giving South Vietnam greater responsibility for fighting the war. His attempt to slow the flow of North Vietnamese soldiers and supplies into South Vietnam by sending American forces to destroy Communist supply bases in Cambodia in 1970 in violation of Cambodian neutrality provoked antiwar protests on the nation’s college campuses.
1970’s Politics -Richard Nixon • president from 1969-1974 • resigned in 1974 because of the Watergate Scandal. • was responsible for the US's withdraw from Vietnam. • 1972, on June 19th, an announcement was made that the FBI would start investigating the Watergate break in. • January 5, 1972, President Nixon announced plans for the space shuttle program. Gerald Ford • -was in office from 1974-1977 and took over for Richard Nixon • -became the first President to not be elected.
What Was Happening In 1971 Page 1 of 5 The Pantera Place "Your de Tomaso Connection" What Was Happening In 1971 News - Corvette - Ferrari - Pantera - Music The 1971 News Events The 26th Amendment lowers the United States voting age from 21 to 18. Walt Disney World opened October 1. Legislation demands that all US cars must be able to run on un leaded fuel. South Vietnamese forces begin an offensive in Cambodia with American support, but are repulsed after six weeks; the United States reduces its troops in Vietnam to about 200,000. Nixion pledges to end US involvement in Vietnam.
During this difficult period, the communists returned to protracted guerrilla warfare and political struggle. Morale declined among communist sympathizers and Saigon government supporters alike. In elections held in South Vietnam in September 1967, former generals Nguyen Van Thieu and Nguyen Cao Ky were elected president and vice president, respectively. Kennedy’s successor, Lyndon B. Johnson, pledged to honor Kennedy’s commitments but hoped to keep U.S. involvement in Vietnam to a minimum. After North Vietnamese forces allegedly attacked U.S. Navy ships in the Gulf of Tonkin in 1964, however, Johnson was given carte blanche in the form of the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution and began to send U.S. troops to Vietnam.
Vietnam War was the longest war in which the United States took part. It began in 1957 and ended in 1975. Vietnam, a small country in Southeast Asia, was divided into Communist-ruled North Vietnam and non-Communist South Vietnam. North Vietnam and Communist-trained South Vietnamese rebels fought to take over South Vietnam. The United States and the South Vietnamese army tried to stop them but failed.
The US pushed the intruders onto the roof tops of the embassy by throwing in tear gas can onto the bottom floors and eventually taking back the building. Over time the Americans took back the cities and eliminated most of the Viet Cong that have infiltrated them and labeled it as a victory. What was a military victory would actually turn into a political defeat for the Johnson administration. The presidents administration and been reporting to the public that they were winning the war in Vietnam and that the Viet Cong showed no sign of strengthening prior to the Tet Offensive. When the offensive happened and
The War That Changed The Nation: The True Reflection The Vietnam War started on November 1, 1955 and ended on April 30, 1975 (Wikepedia 1). The cause of the war revolved around the simple belief help by America that communism was threatening to expand all over the South-East Asia region (Wikepedia 2). The North Vietnamese government and Viet Cong viewed the conflict as the colonial war, fought against France and the United States back them up, and later against Vietnam. However, the Case Church Amendment was passed in 1973. The capture of Saigon by the Vietnam People’s Army in April 1975 marked the end of the war (Wikepedia 3).
Throughout the early years of the war, the American commander in South Vietnam, General William Westmoreland, reported that the enemy was on the brink of defeat. -In 1967 he confidently declared that the “enemy’s hopes are bankrupt” and added, “we have reached an important point where the end begins to come into view.” -However, day after day, millions of Americans saw images of wounded and dead Americans and began to doubt government reports. -In the view of many, a credibility gap had developed, meaning it was hard to believe what the Johnson administration said about the war. -Beginning in January 1966, the Senate Foreign Relations Committee held “educational” hearings on Vietnam, calling in Secretary of State Dean Rusk and other policy makers to explain the administration’s war program. B.
On April 15, Lincoln called for 75,000 volunteers to put down the Southern rebellion, a move that prompted Virginia, Tennessee, Arkansas and North Carolina to reverse themselves and vote in favor of secession. (Most of the western section of Virginia rejected the session vote and broke away, ultimately forming a new, Union-loyal state, West Virginia.) The United States had always maintained only a small professional army; the nation’s founders had feared a Napoleon might rise up and use a large army to overthrow the government and make himself a dictator. Many graduates of the U.S. Army’s military academy, West Point, resigned their commissions in order to
If one nation fell to communism many may follow. The war in Iraq was started for reasons like freeing Iraq, oil, and Saddam Hussein’s refusal to let search for nuclear weapons be executed. Another glaring difference in the wars is the way that they are fought. In Vietnam the U.S was up against nearly 250,000 well trained North Vietnamese Army soldiers and 100,000 highly organized Viet Cong. Opposed to in Iraq where it’s multiple small cells of unorganized terrorists who use car bombs and suicides