The Tepehuán: Indigenous Ethnic Groups In Mexico

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The Tepehuán (Tepehuanes or Tepehuanos) are an indigenous ethnic group in northwest Mexico, whose villages at the time of Spanish conquest spanned a large territory along the Sierra Madre Occidental from Chihuahua and Durango in the north to Jalisco in the south. The southern Tepehuán community included an isolated settlement (Azqueltán) in the middle of Huichol territory in the Bolaños River canyon. The southern Tepehuán were historically referred to as Tepecanos. hisotry The Wixárika arrived to the Bolaños Canyon region after the arrival of the Tepecanos, who until recently inhabited the same region. There are numerous theories among anthropologists and historians about the timing of the arrival of this ethnic group to the region, but according…show more content…
Nieli'kas are found in most Huichol sacred places such as house shrines (xiriki), temples, springs and caves. In the past thirty years, about four thousand Huichols have migrated to cities, primarily Tepic, Nayarit, Guadalajara and Mexico City. It is these urbanized Huichols who have drawn attention to their rich culture through their art. To preserve their ancient beliefs they have begun making detailed and elaborate yarn paintings, a development and modernization of the nieli'ka. This blue beaded Huichol art bear depicts symbols of peyote, scorpion, and corn. For the Huichol however, yarn painting is not only an aesthetic or commercial artform. The symbols in these paintings are sprung out of Huichol culture and its shamanistic traditions. From the small beaded eggs and jaguar heads to the modern detailed yarn paintings in psychedelic colours, each is related to a part of Huichol tradition and…show more content…
(In Spanish) • Huichol Indian Culture and History • The Huichol and Pesticides Project • The Huichol and tobacco • Wixarika: Moving Medicine • Huichol literature, Indian.org: Indigenous People's Literature The Huichol Indians of the Sierra Madre Mountains of Mexico are known for their beautifully intricate yarn paintings and bead work. When producing a yarn painting they take peyote so that they can travel and talk with the spirits. It is important to see the reindeer in their travels because this means that they are in contact with the Gods and their communication is sacred. The artist uses what was seen to make these paintings. The Huichol Indians The Huichol Indians are a small tribe of approximately 15,000 living in central Mexico near Ixtlan in the Sierra Madre Mountains. They are said to be the last tribe in North America to have maintained their pre-Columbian traditions. Huichol shamans and healers practice today as they have for generations. In part, their survival is due to the focus of their traditions.

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