The Temple of Dendur

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Roman Eclecticism and The Temple of Dendur Jacob Ritts The Temple of Dendur was originally built in 15 BCE along the left bank of the upper part of the Nile river. It was constructed by Petronius, the Roman governor of Egypt and commissioned by Augustus Caesar. While the was funded by Roman authority it was designed by a team of Roman and Egyptian architects and built by Egyptian workers. An important thing to realize about The Temple of Dendur while considering it from a historical perspective is that it was not a very important temple. It’s main function was to assert Augustus’s position as a god to people in smaller, less populated areas of Egypt so small temple like this were commissioned in multiple villages. In fact, almost identical temples can be found in museums across the world. Although the temple was not incredibly prominent when it was built and didn’t receive as many visitors as other temples at the time it is still a great example of Egyptian architecture and roman eclecticism. The temple is divided into two parts: a gate that is twenty six feet tall, and a main temple that is twenty two feet wide and forty four feet long. The temple itself is architecturally simple, the inside area consists of a small, open antechamber and a more private inner sanctum where offerings would take place. Even though the architecture of the temple is not incredibly bold, it has extremely intricate and beautiful carvings and embellishments on the wall that are quite beautiful. The base of the temple is decorated with reliefs of growing plants (probably papyrus and lotus). The temple and the gate both have the same image of the sun with the wings of wings engraved above the entrances. There are also vulture wings carved into the ceiling of the antechamber. The Egyptians believed that having such imagery would cause a greater connection between the temple
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