The Teleological Argument

1305 Words6 Pages
Many theories have been made attempting to verify the existence of a deity or spiritual being, and this debate continues to spark controversy amongst some of the brightest thinkers. It is one of mankind’s oldest questions and one that we may never be able to fully understand, but with the use of logic we can evaluate these theories and choose what is most reasonable. The teleological argument uses deductive reasoning to verify the existence of God with some very basic premises; however these premises contain gaps, fallacies, and unreasonable assumptions. The teleological argument was the brainchild of Saint Thomas Aquinas, a prominent 13th century religious philosopher who presented a number of logical arguments for the existence of God. In building his argument he first observed that the universe is highly ordered and compared it to a human artifact because of its purposive properties. His idea is that the universe can be compared to a watch because it has a purpose, but I disagree with this premise because of the broad assumption that he makes. It is impossible to think that the universe, the total fabric of our existence, can have one sole purpose. I like to think of the universe as a massive collection of space, time, mass, and gravity, and if these are its “parts” then their individual functions must add up to its full purpose, just like the gears in a watch. These things serve a multitude of purposes individually, eventually adding up to the universe which serves all of these purposes indiscriminately, so how can we compare it to a single-purposed object like a watch? This is an illogical comparison. There is no clear evidence to support this claim and it falls into the trap of religious bias. I think people would like to believe that the universe has a purpose only because it is one of the many comforting notions of religious belief. Religion is defined as
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