China has been under rule of hundreds of different emperors, all of whom provided a new addition to Ancient China's rich and intricate history. These emperors ruled during periods called "dynasties" which could span from decades to centures. Of all the ancient chinese dynasties there is only one that left a lasting impression that built the foundation for modern day China. The Qin Dynasty is the greatest dynasty in Chinese history because of the standardization of currency, writing, and measurement, the formation of China, and being the first dynasty under rule of an emperor. Of these achievements the standardization of language and measurement has definately had one of the most positive impacts.
Particularly during the Song dynasty, an explosion of scholarship gave rise to Neo-Confucianism-an effort to revive Confucian thinking while incorporating into it some of the insights of Buddhism and Daoism. Politically the Tang and Song dynasties built a state structure that endured for a thousand year. Six major ministries -personnel, finance, rites, army, justice, and public works-were accompanies by the Censorate, an agency that exercised surveillance over the rest of the government, checking on the character and competence of public officials. To staff this bureaucracy, the examination system was revived and made more elaborate, encouraged by the ability to print books for the first time in world history. At first to prevent cheating on the exams included searching candidates entering the examinations whole and placing numbers rather than names on their papers.
Buddhism was also spread from India to China due to the interaction on the Silk Road. Other products traded were porcelain, spices, and rice. Europeans traded wine, gold, and silver. Goods were limited to luxury goods such as gold and silver because they didn’t have the technology to carry heavy loads on the narrow roads of the Silk Road. Trade
Imperialism became a huge component of China’s history, from 1839 to 1935. China responded to it through various rebellions and wars, reform and modernization, and by developing a united front. Numerous rebellions and wars came as a result of imperialism in China. The first war event that took place was the Opium War. Early in the nineteenth century, the British had gained great influence and rule over China, for it was more modernized and developed, and consequently had more power.
In the mid-1800’s, industrialization swept Europe, allowing new ideas, business’s, and commercial production to flourish. Imperialistic industrialized nations, such as Britain, led to the spread of industry into its colonies’, which had an abundance of raw materials but different characteristics that shaped industry. This can be seen in the similarities and differences in the mechanization of the cotton industry between 1880 – 1930 in Japan and India. Similarities were seen in the rapid increase of textile production and the direct decline of the conditions of factory workers, who in both countries were mainly peasant farmers, while differences were seen in the dramatic difference in the gender that made up the majority of the labor force.
One of only two commoners ever to found a Chinese dynasty, Liu proved to be a talented and skillful ruler. Posthumously, he became known as Han Gaozu (pronounced HAHN-GOW-TZOO), which means the "Great Ancestral Father of Han." The achievements of the Han dynasty so influenced Chinese culture that the Chinese word for "Chinese person" is "a person of Han." During the Han dynasty, China experienced a period of peace, stability, and prosperity. Han emperors established a strong military, which allowed them to conquer new territories, expanding the reach of the empire as far as modern-day Korea and North Vietnam.
No Hope: The Pedagogy of becoming Chinese American The United States has a very rich and diverse history, ranging from its sites and many different types of people. One particular race of people, the Chinese, has been a great contribution to U.S economy and cultures. Although today they are well accepted, it wasn’t always this way. In the 19th century, the Chinese faced many difficulties when immigrating into the U.S. Many Chinese Americans or “Chinamen” were unjustly harassed, prosecuted and even killed for reasons that were unprecedented.
The Last Emperor – An Analysis In the past few decades, there has been a constant rise in the quantity of East Asian cultural content that is presented in Western films. Movies such as “Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon”, “Hero” and other similar films have highlighted Chinese art and culture. They have taken the artistic and cultural prowess of the East Asian people to magnificent heights. The process of promoting art and culture of China and other eastern countries were started in the early 1980s itself. “The Last Emperor” is considered to be a milestone movie for the promotion of East Asian art and culture.
Besides providing labor for industries, the large Chinese population forms a ready market for goods and services. The Chinese government, found the rate of population growth alarming, which was the reason for the introduction of the one child policy with effect from the year 1979
In addition, the other being from 770 B.C. to 221 B.C., which is known as the Eastern Zhou Dynasty at the time. The Zhou had a very big part in helping Chinese’s cultivation which steered to the cultural consistency, and there central government. During the Zhou, the country was alienated into the highest ranking to the lower ranking of the commanding officers. Some saw the peasants as a free man, but other saw them as nothing but slaves.