Erick Romero 10/19/14 2A Explain the origin(s) of the Chinese Civil War, and to what extent was the Communist victory due to the use of guerrilla warfare In the early 20th century, China ran into political turmoil. With the revolution in 1911, in which the last dynasty, the Manchu dynasty was overthrown. The new Republic failed to set hold on China and warlord era would start. But China continued to be oppressed by many foreign powers because it lacked a strong central government. The Chinese Civil War was caused by two opposed political parties, the communists and the nationalists, to see who would be able to restore order and regain central power over China to bring it back to its glory.
On the other hand, the other countries weren’t able to succeed because they conquered by Europeans or their population died out from diseases or plagues (DOC 4, 5, 8). An additional document that would be used, would be a map of the different voyages and attacks Europe went on and did, this would help to see how they were able to succeed. Before Europe went on voyages at sea, China did, they had huge ships that were at the size of 400 ft. long, but they receded from this project and went on to another one. Admiral Zheng he was the main leader of the Chinese voyages that took place before the European explorations. These Chinese explorations were really helpful, but also really expensive because of the large timber ships that they built.
This benefit allowed tactics such as the ‘wedge’ to be executed as more soldiers could reinforce the wedge from behind, which would consequently break the enemies’ formation (Roman Empire.net 2012). As a result of these tactics many battles were won in favour of Rome. These victories can be appreciated as it too aided the faith in the Emperors. In comparison; Emperors used this power among society to increase their popularity. Instances in which this can be seen would be the gladiator games.
Mao Revolutionary Hero Mao's CCP was able to defeat Chiang Kai-Shek's KMT easily due to his high amounts of support and his massive capability to fight. While the KMT was out fighting the Japanese and wasting America's resources and aid, Mao was rallying people together in China (1A) mostly peasants as they were integral to Mao's vision of China's future (3A). Mao's 'Main Rules of Discipline' were also massive benefits for his followers to obey as people had to treat each other in somewhat the same manner and same respect, despite the fact that one might be a higher ranking than the other (5A). For example: Peasants being treated fairly by officials. This was a major encouragement for peasants to follow Mao as they have been mistreated for so long and now finally a leader has come up willing to defend them and treat them as equals.
Qin Huang Di was a brutal emperor that dictated all of china and outlawed other religions. He highly disapproved all teachings of Confucianism and discarded most history before him. However he was a good emperor overall because he did things mostly for his country to live on. Qin Huang Di improved china’s infrastructure by making vast networks of roads, canals and bridges throughout China. This helped with trading and traveling.
Peasant rebellions began to arise. They received no benefits from the city; the city tried its best to remain separate from them. The Chinese then developed a justice system to stop the outbreaks of rebellions. The idea from the Chinese authority was that peace must keep intact. Many people did not agree with the authority they had over the people.
What did Yung Wing consider as China's most pressing problems? After the Opium Wars broke out, western countries found that China was very weak. Westerners started to declare wars to China and force China to open her market. After that, the second opium war started. China was defect by England and France.
How influential was Sun Yatsen in the fall of the Qing dynasty? The Qing dynasty was replaced by a Republic system in 1911 after the revolution was accidentally sparked by a premature bomb explosion in Wuchang. A key person in the revolution and downfall of the Qing was Sun Yatsen. His ideological ideas of how China should become a Western civilised country, where it would be more developed – socially and politically, inspired many people to look up to him as a leader, as he was initially the one who introduced ideas which China had never previously heard of. However, Sun Yatsen was not in the country at the time the revolution started, implying that the Qing would’ve fallen anyway.
Not only did the westerners not understand it but also the Chinese communist wanted to overthrow it. However, the fact proves they are wrong. Those countries, which follow Confucian though, have progressed a lot since the end of 20th century. China has also progressed extremely fast science the Chinese communist government restarted follow Confucian though. Many enterprises establish and operate their business very successful.
While the protest lacked an identical cause or leadership, most of the protesters were generally against the economic policies and authoritarian of the ruling of the Chinese Communist Party and expressing calls for democratic reforms in the structure of government. The PRC government then used betrayal as an excuse and in Beijing, and used military force to suppress the demonstrators. The resulting military crack down caused a number of innocent citizens dead or injured. The report on number of deaths and injured ranged from two hundred – three hundred (PRC government) to two thousand – three thousand (Chinese Red Cross). Following the violence, the government carried out mass arrests of demonstrators and suppressed their supporters and other protests around China.