* The economies and societies of both the Union and the Confederacy had to make massive adjustments for the war: adjustments that the North was better able to make. Political Leadership: Northern Success and Southern Failure * Lincoln exercised extraordinary powers, expanding the authority of the Presidency to an unprecedented extent. * Jefferson Davis, somewhat limited by traditional southern states’ rights rhetoric, took a narrower and less successful view of his role as Confederate president. * Davis focused his attention almost exclusively on waging the war, often neglecting very real problems on his home front. Early Campaigns and Battles * Having problems with finding a his general, the northern war effort stalled in the East, where Lee turned back successive attempts to capture Richmond.
Major General McClellan reports for his troops to go on the defensive, for the first time. Confederate officer, Major General Madgruder, comes into play within the warfront as he cleverly distracts divisions on the union side with small divisionary attacks. This witty tatic allowed the Confederates to break down the Union’s Divisions piece by piece. All too soon, McClellan, being an extremely cautious individual, gives up his former plans for capturing Richmond. He instead, retreats back to the James River in order to get back to safely secured supply lines.
It is further mentioned in source U that “Norfolk and his colleagues do not wish for battle, showing tacitly that the petitions of the rebels are lawful”. Therefore, this shows that the rebels were not completely going against the King, so it would be difficult for him to act against them. By the source saying, “the men of the North are able to defend themselves” it shows that there was widespread support. Source V can further support this claim when it is stated that by their “negligence the rebels should march forward and cross the don”. This implies that the rebels would be able to cross over to the South where their numbers would have increased significantly.
Lee's army was greatly outnumbered, and McClellan had the opportunity completely destroy the confederates and perhaps ended the war. McClellan failed to commit his entire force to pursue the enemy whereby the army the confederate was able to withdraw their forces from the battlefield and managed to escape. The Battle of Antietam ended as a stalemate as both Confederate and Union Army did not follow upon the previous day’s battle. This battle was claimed a strategic win for Major General George McClellan and the Army of the Potomac. A major offensive action on the states of the Union ended, and the confederate states lost hopes of receiving foreign intervention.
The first reason was the creation of the Army of Virginia led by General Pope and tasked to protect Washing D.C. against the Army of Northern Virginia led by General Lee. Destruction of the Army of Virginia would open up an unopposed route to the Union capital. The Union army also held a strategic supply center known as the Junction of Manassas. This made it possible to receive supplies and information from D.C. unopposed and with a rapid delivery time. It was known that this supply line would be key to the defense or attack on D.C. by both sides.
The first and most important relationship in The Killer Angels is between General Lee and Longstreet. Longstreet is Lee’s only good Commander left, because his last general, Jackson, was killed in battle. Lee doesn’t want to lose Longstreet, and Longstreet knows what the Confederates should do in the war, but has no power to lead the army. Longstreet wants to get in-between the Union and Washington D.C. and play a
General Zachary Taylor’s 2,400 men were up against General Mariano Arista’s 3,300 well trained troops. The battle mainly pitted artillery against artillery. Seeing that they would soon lose, General Arista tried to charge the Americans one last time, but the Mexicans failed to stop us. They retreated to Resaca de la Palma where the armies would battle again resulting in an American win. Not long after, the Americans successfully seized Matamoros and General Taylor moved on to Monterrey where his 4,800 troops engaged in a bloodbath with Santa Anna’s 15,000 soldiers on February 22, 1847.
In the fall of 1863, the Confederate Army under the command of President Jefferson Davis was in dire need of a victory in Tennessee. At this time in the Civil War, success lay on the side of the Union and Jefferson Davis was anxious to seal a decisive victory. The Battle of Chickamauga proved to be just that. However, if it weren’t for the forces of Lt. General Daniel Harvey Hill, the battle would not have ended in favor of the Confederacy. On one side of the argument, it could be said that Hill’s decision to delay the attack was smart in that it would allow his troops to recover and be at one hundred percent.
After the expedition a union general stated, “With the end of this expedition ends all my hopes of getting into Vicksburg in this direction… They will never again be caught by surprise, for after this attempt they will guard every ditch leading into the Yazoo.”9 He expresses his lack of hope in the success of any attacks from the north or above Vicksburg by river because they will only become more difficult to invade. The travel through Steele Bayou was added to the list of Grant’s failed
The North also had more able bodied men than the south allowing it to raise a larger and better equipped army, if not as well a trained army. A larger army, trade, and manufacturing all contributed to the Union’s overwhelming military victory in the civil war. Politically President Lincoln said that he was only going to war to save the Union. President Lincoln believed that the United States Constitution did not give him the power to free slaves, it did give him power to preserve the Union. He only issued the Emancipation Proclamation