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ORDER AND ANARC HY
Through the study of civil society, the evolution of social relations and the breakdown of social order, Order and anarchy re-examines the role of violence in human social evolution. Drawing on anthropology, political science and evolutionary theory, it offers a novel approach to understanding stability and instability in human society. Robert Layton provides a radical critique of current concepts of civil society, arguing that rational action is characteristic of all human societies and not unique to post-Enlightenment Europe. Case studies range from ephemeral African gold rush communities and the night club scene in Britain to stable hunter-gatherer and peasant cultures. The dynamics of recent civil wars in the former Yugoslavia, Chad, Somalia and Indonesia are compared to war in small-scale tribal societies. The author argues that recent claims for the evolutionary value of violence have misunderstood the complexity of human strategies and the social environments in which they are played out. Robert Layton is Professor of Anthropology at the University of Durham. Recipient of the Royal Anthropological Institute’s Rivers Medal for his research, Professor Layton has written widely on anthropological themes, including The anthropology of art (1991), Australian rock art (1992) and An introduction to theory in anthropology (1997).
ORDER AND ANARCHY
Civil society, social disorder and war
Cambridge, New York, Melbourne, Madrid, Cape Town, Singapore, São Paulo Cambridge University Press The Edinburgh Building, Cambridge , UK Published in the United States of America by Cambridge University Press, New York www.cambridge.org Information on this title: www.cambridge.org/9780521857710 © Robert Layton 2006 This publication is in copyright. Subject to statutory exception and to the provision of relevant collective licensing agreements, no reproduction of any part...