The Supreme Court's Role in Civil Liberties

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The Supreme Court plays the most important role in the creation, defense, and change of civil liberties. The Supreme Court has the final word in the interpretation of civil liberties granted by the constitution. Any time civil liberties and the Bill of rights is called into question, the Supreme Court has the power to interpret the Constitution and ensure that Americans are constantly living with the protection of their constitutional rights. Throughout the history of the US, the Supreme Court has made numerous decisions that have affected and continue to effect the civil liberties. In the 1980 Supreme Court Case of the Nebraska Press Association v. Stuart, the justices decided that the press is allowed to publish stories about serious court cases because the public maintains the right to be cognizant of public issues. This decision incorporated both the issues of freedom of press and freedom of speech. Although the judge in the case believed that publishing news about the case would negatively affect the results of the trial, he did not have the right to restrict the what the press published. This president, set by the Supreme Court, has changed the way the public media reports of high profile and/or controversial cases including the O.J. Simpson case. Although the rights of freedom of press and speech are protected by the constitution, it was up to the Supreme Court to dictate if all types of media expression should be available to the public. The Miranda v Arizona case led to the creation of “Miranda Right” which provide defendants with the rights to counsel upon arrest. This decision corroborate the fifth amendment. When Mr. Miranda was arrested, it was common in many states, criminals (or accused criminals) were being interrogated for hours or even days without being informed of their right to an attorney. Without legal counsel, many of the defendants were

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