The Successes of Bismarck

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How successful was Bismarck? (1871-1890) Bismarck was both successful and unsuccessful during him time as Chancellor of Germany in numerous ways, those of which I will now explain. One of the first personal success for Bismarck was his alliance with the National Liberals who were considered Bismarck’s most reliable allies, they had a large number of seats in the Reichstag- by allying with them it would enable Bismarck to use the party’s power to pass the laws that he wanted. Examples of laws passed were uniformity of legal procedures (1877), all taxes on international trade abolished, national currency and creation of the Reichbank. This benefited Germany because it was a step towards the unification of Germany, whilst still enabling Bismarck to have the individual power that he wanted. However this didn’t benefit the Liberals at al because Bismarck passed the laws that he wanted, and didn’t view them as allies. One of the main factor’s behind the reason why Bismarck was unsuccessful in my opinion is Kulturkampf (K), which was a divided attack on the Catholic Church due to Bismarck’s belief that the Centre Party represented a threat to the Reich. The campaign deliberately set the Catholics against the Protestants, and alienated them from the Reich. Bismarck’s main reasoning for following Kulturkampf was to keep hold of his influence, which he felt was threatened by the Centre Party, and he felt that K would prevent any uprising. However it is the result of K that made it unsuccessful for Bismarck because the Anti-Catholic Stance endangered good foreign relations with Austria and spiritually the Catholic Church thrived, and there was a political increase in the representation of the Centre Party in the Reichstag- 1871: 58 seats 1890: 106 seats. This meant that Bismarck lost support, the National Liberal‘s seats in the Reichstag decreased from 125 se, whilst
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