The main reason why, it can be argued, Bismarck brought an end to the Kulturkampf is down to the fact that instead of limiting the power of the Catholics he was only increasing it. He made a mistake. The Catholics support can be seen in the Reichstag through the centre party which gained 91 seats in the 1874 elections opposed to their 58 seats in 1871. This showed Bismarck had in fact increased disunity in the German state instead of diminishing it; he had done the complete opposite of what he had hoped to do. None the less, Bismarck was no fool; he took advantage of a situation which he hoped would never come.
Collective security had a better response towards aggression rather than appeasement. This is because a lot more European countries didn’t approve of the decision made during the Munich Conference. Winston Churchill was one person who strong didn’t approve with this decision. He was a British politician who thought, “keeping peace depends on holding back the aggressor” (Document 6). Churchill believed that in order to guarantee the security of Czechoslovakia, Europe should have held Germany back and Britain and France should have worked together as an alliance.
How successful was Gladstone’s first ministry? If ‘achieving what you set out to do’ defines successful, then Gladstone’s First Ministry was certainly a success. The Acts that were passed during his time as leader of the Liberal party had great impact on the population both then, and in some cases, still now. However not all his Acts were well received and this created some controversy. Gladstone’s main goal was to pacify Ireland and he was the first British politician to tackle the unfair way in which Ireland was run.
This angered Stalin as he did not want West Germany to recover and be given Marshall Aid. Marshall Aid made tension worse because it divided Europe further, the west could get richer and the east would go poorer because Stalin would not accept Marshall Aid. The back round of the Berlin Blockade and airlift cause tension because the west wanted Germany to be more prosperous but Stalin wanted Germany and Berlin to be weak. Tension increased because Britain and America joined their zones together creating Bizona. Stalin got angrier when he heard that France joined to create Trizona.
The best president in U.S history I believe is Abraham Lincoln. Abe Lincoln deserved to be the best president because he led his country through the civil war, abolished slavery by issuing the emancipation proclamation, and by issuing the emancipation proclamation the north gained British support. Abe created an economic development program, which began when the country was bankrupt and made the United States the world’s greatest industrial power. I believe that the 2nd best president is George Washington. Washington led the revolutionary war which began the birth of a new nation which goes under foreign policy, helped with the constitution that had much to do with equal rights, and dealt with the whiskey rebellion.
Frances Steere UVI History Essay - Unification of Germany "Bismarck did not plan the unification of Germany he merely reacted to events." How far do you agree with this statement. It would be an inaccurate summation to name Bismarck as solely opportunistic or as a pure master planner, however it is clear in the precise, recurring diplomatic and military strategies Bismarck employed in the three wars preceding German Unification that he was less feeling around in the dark than carrying out considered and calculated strategies as part of a greater plan for German Unification. Bismarck recognised the need to defeat Austria and France in battle and manipulated diplomatic engagements in both cases ensuring that the other country was the aggressor and remained isolated without major power allies. Of course Bismarck could not engineer the opportunities in diplomacy that arose in the period however it takes a great degree of clarity and objective to fully recognise and realise opportunities when they present themselves, especially in the often duplicitous world of foreign diplomacy.
“Between 1933 and 1937, the British public’s hostility to the confrontation of foreign powers left the National Government with no alternative to a policy of appeasing Hitler and Mussolini.” – How far do you agree with this judgement? Due to the aftermath of the First World War and the oncoming threat of further war, the general public opinion was to avoid war at all costs during the time between 1933 and 1937. It was in British interests to maintain peace because of similar reasons, and because of the state of the British economy. The British public were therefore not hostile to confrontation of foreign powers, but wanted to avoid the conflict, meaning there was a strong influence on the National Government to please the general public, and appeasement was a better option than to use violence. The public opinion of wanting to be peaceful was the main reason why the National Government felt as if there was no alternative to appeasing Hitler and Mussolini.
The idea shown in source 7 of Henry not being able to fully separate himself from his catholic beliefs is further back up by the evidence found in source 8. Although we have to be aware of the fact that source 8 was written by Bishop Tunstall to Reginald Pole in 1536, which means that it may be slightly biased towards Catholicism. The source states that Henry wishes to remain a part of the “unity of Christ’s Catholic Church”. Which tells us that Protestantism is not making enough progress in England as to convince the King, yet it is still making gains. Also in the source, Henry’s title of “Supreme Head” is mentioned.
I know from my background knowledge that once Hitler was named Chancellor big bankers and industrialists, including Krupp and I. G. Farben, had lobbied Hindenburg and schemed behind the scenes on behalf of Hitler because they were convinced he would be good for business. Hitler promised to be for free enterprise and keep down Communism and the trade union movements. Being appointed as Chancellor also was a starting point to his dictatorship as without it he would have been able to continue his consolidation and wouldn’t have been able to pass such laws as the Enabling Act. Another way Hitler established a dictatorship was through the passing of the Enabling Act 1933. This established a dictatorship because it allowed Hitler to arguably do whatever he pleased.
The first two phase, the Catholic won, but the third phase Protestant was the dominant and the last one, there was no winner. The war ended with the peace treaty which show the secure of a state. It was necessary because different monarchies control different states, it is harder for states to stay unites since they were so far away from the central ruling. Like the Hapsburg from Spain ruled Austria, but the hash ruling brought the Dutch revolt and the split of Netherlands. This war is like a proof of nation and states marked off.