The monosaccharides are them absorbed into the bloodstream. From blood, the monosaccharides are carried to the liver and converted into glucose and then stored in the liver or sent back out to feed the individual cells. Any fiber continues to the large intestine where some is metabolized by bacteria, but most is excreted. Fat From the mouth, chewing food breaks it down to a degree. The lingual lipase, found in saliva, plays a minor role in breaking down fat.
Controlled Variables. temperature; pH; sucrase + sucrose incubation time 4. Describe what is measured as an indicator of sucrase activity and why this is an indicator of sucrase activity. The amount of product produced is an indicator of sucrase activity. This is an indicatore because sucrase is an enzyme found in the small intestine that catalyzes the splitting of the disaccharide sucrose into the monosaccharides glucos and fructose.
The products of this stage are passed down into the next stages. The 2 molecules of pyruvate are passed down to the oxidation of pyruvate, and NADH will be used for the electron transport chain. The rest of the products, 4 ATP, ADP, and P, are used where needed in the cell. After glycolysis occurs, oxidation of pyruvate takes places in the mitochondrial matrix. During this stage,
Carbohydrates are formed of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen as the basics. In the body, carbohydrates are converted to glucose, used for energy throughout the body. Carbohydrates can be either simple or complex, and high-glycemic or low-glycemic. Examples of foods containing simple carbohydrates include fruits, vegetables, and dairy products. Breads and cereals contain complex carbohydrates, along with legumes.
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is a multifunctional nucleotide used in cells as a coenzyme. ATP transports chemical energy within cells for metabolism. It is produced cellular respiration and used by enzymes and structural proteins in many cellular processes, including active transport, respiration, and cell division. One molecule of ATP contains three phosphate groups, and it is produced by ATP synthase from inorganic phosphate and adenosine diphosphate (ADP). ATP is used is many organisms and also in different ways.
Include the reactants and the products. Where does it occur? During glycolysis, a six carbon glucose molecule is broken in half, forming two three carbon molecules. The three carbon molecules then donate high energy electrons to NAD, the electron carrier, forming NADH. This process occurs in the cytosol of a cell.
Starch/Amylase Experiment During the starch/amylase experiment the effects of enzyme digestion were simulated. The main components of the experiment were cooked starch and amylase. In biology, starch is a polysaccharide carbohydrate that is made up of a multitude of glucose monosaccharide units bonded together. Starch is found in many seeds and plants, and is a crucial component in an animal’s diet because starch allows the animal to store excess glucose and also to use it as food. The enzyme Amylase is very important to this process because it assists in breaking down starch molecules into glucose which is needed as an energy source in the mitochondria of an organism.
Cells need glucose for energy, amino acids to make proteins, fatty acids to make the cell membrane and hormones. Basically, the cells need these items to maintain itself in energy, regulation, and structure; just like how you need food to maintain your energy, regulate your body's needs, and reinforce it's structure. 4. There are 2 main wastes that the cell produce, and they are carbon dioxide from cellular respiration, and urea (the stuff in urine) . 5.
It is a nucleotide that contains ribose, which is a sugar unit, adenine, which is a base, and three attached phosphate groups. When energy is needed ATP splits a high energy bond, releasing a phosphate group, water and energy. As a result it becomes ADP (adenosine diphosphate). Adenine Ribose P P P The breakdown of digested foods – primarily glucose in the presence of oxygen releases energy, which is captured with water and a phosphate group to create ATP from