The Space Race

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History is a matter of view point and is constantly debated by historians and people alike from all over the world with different perspectives on world events. These debates often fuel new evidence or are the catalyst for changes in opinions by the vast majority of the population. One of the most highly debated world events of the modern era is the Space Race between the Soviet Union and United States of America which occurred during the years of 1957-1975. The Space Race was one of the most historically significant periods of time since the creation of the Earth for many reasons including; scientific advances made possible by the new technology created during these 20 years, answers to questions relating to the formation of the universe…show more content…
The Soviet Union furthered their lead in the race of the century on November 3, 1957 when they sent the first living thing into space in the form of a female dog called Laika. The Soviets had proven to the world that not only were they at the forefront of space research but that it was possible to sustain life in space. On December 6, 1957 the first American space bound satellite was launched, only to burst into flames moments after the initial lift-off. The Americans had one more failed rocket attempt before they successfully launched their first satellite into orbit on January 23, 1958. 1958 was one of the most pivotal years of the space race and of American involvement in space. The penultimate year of the 50s saw the first satellite launched by the USA named Explorer 1, along with a number of other successful and unsuccessful launches. It saw the world’s first communications satellite which was operated by the US and it saw the creation of…show more content…
Explorer 1 had an orbital life cycle of about twelve years, and mission duration of four months. Upon re-entry to earth in 1970, it had completed an astounding 58,000 orbits around the Earth. At the same time as the Vanguard rockets (the satellites proceeding Explorer 1), President Eisenhower and the rest of his cabinet were trying to decide under which agency this new “space” issue fell under the jurisdiction of, to which they found no answer. President Eisenhower instated the National Aeronautics and Space Act which was the creation of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration or more commonly known as NASA. NASA would go on to become the most influential organisation in the world in relation to anything space related. The year of 1958 was concluding but the United States had one more surprise for the Soviet Union. On December 18, Project SCORE was successfully launched. SCORE was the world’s first communications satellite and re-asserted the USA in a dominant position in the intensifying race of the century. Project SCORE successfully proved that communications could take place from space when President Eisenhower sent this message to
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