The Sorrowful Night

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There has been little detail known about Cortés’ defeat of Pánfilo de Narváez’s expedition and La Noche Triste, or “The Sorrowful Night”. Only the basic story of what happened between the defeat of Narváez’s expedition and Cortés and his men taking refuge with the Tlaxcalans after the Noche Triste has been known until the recent discovery of Bernal Díaz’s manuscript. This manuscript includes very detailed events of what happened during this part of the Conquest of Mexico. There are many important discoveries in this manuscript, but the three most important are the reason the Aztecs revolted against the Spanish while Cortés went to attack Pánfilo de Narváez‘s expedition, the encounter of Cortés with Montezuma and the Aztecs upon returning to…show more content…
The Aztec’s were still angry with the Spanish and were planning on killing them all. By letting them back into the city the Spanish horses and weapons would be less effective. The Aztec’s were then able force in the Palace walls and the Spanish began to fear what was to happen next for they knew that the Aztec’s wanted them all dead. (Burkholder and Johnson p. 58) According to Díaz’s manuscript, the Spanish wanted to declare peace with the Aztec’s so that they could leave Mexico. In order to do this, they needed Montezuma to tell his people to cease the war. But, Montezuma refused at first to speak to his people because he was tired of all of the lies from the Spanish. He stated that the Aztec people were already set on not letting the Spanish leave alive. Therefore, the only option for the Spanish was for them to fight to the death. Montezuma was then placed by a battlement of the roof and told his people that if they refrained from the war, the Spanish would leave Mexico. The Aztecs then tell Montezuma that they have chosen a new Lord and that the war would continue on until all the Spanish were dead. Stones were thrown that end up hitting Montezuma in the head resulting in his death three days later. (Burkholder and Johnson p. 309-310) The Aztecs were done listening to Montezuma being influenced by the Spanish with their empty

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