The Sociological Perspective Essay

329 WordsSep 23, 20152 Pages
The Sociological Perspective Lesson 1 Lesson 1 The word sociology was first coined by August Comte, a French scholar-philosopher. Comte is considered the father of sociology, though not quite the science of sociology, to which you’ll be introduced in this course. This first lesson introduces you to the science of sociology. In Assignment 1, “Sociology: Perspective, Theory, and Method,” you’ll learn what sociology is all about and how it differs from psychology, which was developed largely from studies in biology. In contrast, sociology arose in the context of political, economic, and social philosophy and from intellectual giants such as Emile Durkheim, Karl Marx, and Max Weber. However, perhaps paradoxically, one significant, if inadvertent, contributor to the discipline of sociology was Sigmund Freud, a pioneering psychologist with broad interests. His diverse writings, including Civilization and Its Discontents, offer insights into social life. This fact highlights the thin boundary between psychology and social psychology, a major area of modern sociology. In Assignment 2, “Culture,” you’ll explore the concept of culture—the set of norms (customs), beliefs, attitudes, values, and physical artifacts that give a social world its shape and character. One of the more amazing things about cultures is their diversity. This is largely because the medium of communication and perception in any culture is language. Human languages are coding systems for naming and defining the self, others, and the world through words and other symbols, like numbers and icons. Because languages vary in the ways they perceive and interpret human nature and the world, so do cultures. In Assignment 3, “Socialization: From Infancy to Old Age,” you’ll be introduced to the concept of socialization. To be socialized is to be inducted into a social world. From

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