ADMINISTER MEDICATION TO INDIVIDUALS AND MONITOR THE EFFECTS (ASM34) 1.1 Identify current legislation, guidelines policies and protocols relevant to the administration of medication. *The medicines act 1968 *COSHH *The health and safety at work act 1974 *The misuse of drugs act 1985 *health and social care act *Data protection act 2.1 Describe common types of medication including their effects and potential side effects. *Analgesics:-Codeine it is used for pain relief and the side effects can be headaches, nausea and dizziness. *Antibiotics:-Amoxicillin, it is a penicillin based antibiotics which fights bacteria in the body and fight infections. The side effects can be fever, joint pain, red skin rash and dark coloured urine.
Harm reduction focuses on harms associated with the use of a particular drug, and how these harms can be minimised or reduced. It promotes a change in attitude towards both physically and psychologically addicted drug users (drug info). It acknowledges that drugs are, and will continue to be a part of our society (Drug Info Sheet). It is unique in that it highlights the links between the person, the drug, the environment and circumstances in which they are using it (drug info). Harm reduction is a holistic approach, considering problems such as the availability of the drug in the community, the prevalence of its use, and how much is known about the drug and its effects and harms in the community (drug info).
For example, Kessler et al. (1996) found that disorders generally preceded the development addictive disorders in individuals with co-occurring psychiatric disorders and substance abuse. Other researchers have found that between the diagnosis of behavior or psychiatric disorder frequency alcohol and bacco use (Boyle and Offord, 1991). This paper analyzes examines substance and substance dependence. Part II, the general causes and effects of substance abuse and substance are addressed.
Sociological Perspectives on Drug Abuse November 3, 2013 Thomas Cameron Table of Contents Introduction1 Functionalist Perspective2 Conflict Perspective3 Interactionist Perspective4 Works Citied5 Introduction Drug abuse is the habitual use of alcohol, prescription drugs or illegal drugs to alter one's mood, emotion, or state of consciousness (TheFreeDictionary.com, 2012). The information presented within this paper will provide the reader with the different sociological theories, specifically the functionalist, the conflict and the interactionist perspectives, and how each perspective could approach and evaluate drug abuse in today’s society. The Functionalist Perspective The functionalist perspective thinks of society as a living organism in which each part of the organism contributes to its survival, which emphasizes the way in which the parts of a society are structured to maintain stability (Schaefer, 2011). In essence the functionalist perspective as it relates to drug abuse, argues that society provides us with social norms and guidelines, which identify the appropriate use of drugs and alcohol. A social norm or guideline could be that drugs, in particular prescription drugs are very functional.
Asses the contribution of the both biological and bio psychosocial models of health. Human studies of behaviours have clearly shown both biological and bio psychosocial models are identified in the addiction trait for something such as alcohol. Until the introduction of the third version of the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, addictions were just seen as another form of personality pathology, and the co-existence of personality disorders in addicted patients was not seen as an issue. ‘Our current scientific views of the causes of addiction can best be described as multifactorial or bio psychosocial’ (Wim Van Be Brink 1995). This essay hopes to look into the many different factors surrounding addictive personality for alcohol dependency within bio psychosocial and biological models.
1.3. Explain legislation, policies and guidelines on the use and storage of substances.. The main piece of legislation that covers drugs & their categories is The Misuse of Drugs Act 1971. The different kinds of controlled drugs are divided into three categories or classes. These classes (A, B & C) carry different levels of penalty for possession & dealing.
Each individual that is referred for chemical addiction needs to have comprehensive and in-depth assessment: drug abuse background, family and medical history (e.g., genograms), family dynamics, personality, co-occurring disorders, mental capacity, etc. Intervention to dissuade denial of substance abuse are at a peak of effectiveness during crisis events which can aide in removing denial of consequences of use. This paper will cover theories of denial, causes of denial, as well as possible interventions to use with those specific causes of denial in order to aide with the substance abuse user in accepting treatment or continuing treatment. Further research needs to be done in this area in order to promote and develop better outcomes and lead to specialized interventions depending on the etiology/perception, background and experiential factors of the addict. This paper will cover six theories of denial in trying to give a more comprehensive view about theories of denial.
Running head: PESTICIDES AND MENTAL HEALTH Pesticides and Mental Health Name Instrutor Class Date Introduction This paper is designed to discuss, what effects pesticides have on mental health and how the use of genetically modified foods, which are treated with pesticides can adversely increase the mentally ill population. The fact that Genetically Modified foods are treated with pesticides and are unregulated baffles me because that means the food industry may have some responsibility in the overwhelming increase of mental health disorders in the 21st century. According to (Aspelin, 2003) a growing body of research supports the association between pesticide exposure and adverse human health effects including depression, ADHD, anxiety, confusion, memory loss, lethargy, pervasive developmental disorders, unprovoked extreme agitation, anger, rage, and violence. Throughout this paper it will link human exposure to pesticides and how over time they can be harmful to people’s mental health. Career Description The mental health profession offers several services for the purpose of improving an individual's mental health and/or the treatment of mental illness.
My questions are can one social issue directly correlate to another? Does the issue of alcoholism lead to issues within families, education and one’s overall well being? How can treatment for alcohol addiction go beyond the normal physical rehabilitation? Drug abuse can be defined in a sociological context as the use of unacceptable drugs and or the excessive or inappropriate use of acceptable drugs in ways that can lead to physical, psychological or social harm. The term drug has a very broad definition but for the purpose of understanding the social problems drugs evoke it will be referred to as any substance that can affect a person physically, or psychologically, has the potential to be misused and can be harmful to the user or society.
In an attempt to clarify what is meant by public health approaches, I refer to the research of Gilbert (1995). In his work, he explains public health approaches as an ambiguous term related to the organised, or unorganised efforts of society to protect, promote, and restore health ideals, especially focusing on those conditions related to lifestyle, e.g. HIV/TB, using a collection of social and scientific acts. Community psychology and public health approaches focus on interventions with the aim of having an impact on the communities. Both approaches aim to address social problems present in modern societies.