The Social Denounce in the Poetry of Sensibility Essay

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John Jaime Ossa Benítez. The social denounce in the poetry of sensibility One of the facts that influenced English life from the late 18th century and from there on was the burst of both Industrial Revolution (1750-1850) and Agricultural Revolution (coming to its end by the late 19th century). Ordinary life changed and mostly in rural contexts. The English village was therefore affected and transformed. This subject was not indifferent to English writers, who were to reflect on the changes. As natural world was also of their regards, everything that had to do with the village -understood as the countryside- became a special concern in written expressions. Some poets gave shape to these changes and transformations by the way of exaltation but also denouncing what they witnessed as a time of decay and abandon. Oliver Goldsmith’s The deserted village, James Thomson’s Winter (from The Seasons), Thomas Gray’s Elegy written in a country churchyard and George Crabbe’s The Village, are the works to be considered here as sources of this portraying of the English Village. The issue that is going to keep us busy here is that of the social denounce (the complaint) and the poetic lament on the vertiginous and at times incomprehensible change of the rural scene. The major poem of reference will be Goldsmith’s The deserted village. It is considered a pastoral style poem, a literary work that intends to portray rural life or the life of shepherds, especially in an idealized or romantic form. Right from the beginning Oliver Goldsmith shows us this evocating resemblance: “Sweet Auburn! loveliest village of the plain, Where health and plenty cheer’d the laboring swain, Where smiling Spring its earliest visit paid, And parting Summer’s lingering blooms delay’d” (1-4). The initial image of the village -which we want to put in evidence-, is that of the countryside
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