The Social and Political Life in Iran

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THE SOCIAL AND POLITICAL LIFE IN IRAN Iran is a country located in the Middle East with great civilization and rich culture. Since almost all readers are very familiar with United States Political and cultural system, it is very important to emphasize the information about Iran in detail. There are several differences in cultural and political fundamentals and structures between two countries. The terms “Iran” as the designation for the civilization and “Iranian” as the name for the inhabitants occupying the large plateau located between Caspian Sea and the Persian Gulf have been in continual for more than twenty-five hundred years. They are in term related to the term ”Aryan” and it is supposed that the plateau was occupied in prehistoric times by Indo-European peoples from Central Asia. Through many invasions and changes of empire, this essential designation has remained a strong identifying marker for all population living in this region and the many neighboring territories that fell under its influence due to conquest and expansion. The term “Persian” is used as an adjective- specially pertaining to the arts- and the designate the principle language spoken in Iran. The term is often used to designate the larger cultural sphere of Iranian civilization. This includes population living in Iraq, the Persian Gulf region, the Caucasus region, Central Asia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and northern India. The formal name of the Iranian state is Jomhori-ye Islami-ye Iran. Iranian society presents a puzzle for most standard social science analysis of social structure. On the one hand there is an out-ward appearances of extensive social stratification. When one peers beneath the surface, however, this impression breaks down immediately. In Iran one can never judge by its cover. A traditional gentleman in ragged clothes, unshaven, and without outward trapping of luxury may
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