The Significance Of The Reichstag Fire

306 Words2 Pages
What was the significance of the Reichstag fire? The Reichstag building started construction in the year 1871 and was completed in 1894. The Reichstag was used as the Parliament for the German government until the rise of Adolf Hitler and the National Socialist rule. When Adolf Hitler became the Reich Chancellor or effectively the head of the German Government in January 30, 1933. On February 27th, within a month of Hitler coming to power, the Reichstag building caught fire effectively destroying the whole building. This proved to be a valuable excuse for the Nazis to suspend most human rights provided for by the 1919 constitution in the Reichstag Fire Decree. The destruction of this building symbolized the end of one chapter in German history making way for Hitler and his new chapter under the Nazi party. During the 12 years of Nazi rule, the Reichstag building was not used as a parliamentary building because it was damaged by the after the fire because the damage was to great. The Government convened in the former opera house called the Krolloper building, which was opposite the old Reichstag building. Following the fire, the popularity of the Nazi party grew to 52% of voters who appeared to support Hitler and his contention that young communists were responsible for the fire. Hitler uses his high level of support to pass the Enabling Act, which placed him as a Dictator of a one party state. All opposition parties, including the Communist Party were banned. The causes of the Reichstag fire are still unknown. The significance of the destruction of this building was huge. It saw the end of the old Germany and the rise of Hitler’s power and influence over the German people, ultimately leading to the Second World War and Hitler’s quest for the thousand year
Open Document