He was born as the property of the Peter Blow family since his parents were both slaves. The United States took possession of Missouri in 1804 and after much dispute on whether or not it would be a slavery state, an agreement known as the Missouri Compromise came about. This caused a balance in the number of free vs. slave states. Due to Missouri being located in the middle of what was freedom and slavery, there were major problems arising. The Blow family relocated to St. Louis in 1830 and then ran into some financial problems, which caused them sell Dred Scott to Dr. John Emerson.
The primary motivation for the secession of the southern states was their belief that their rights given to them under the constitution were being taken away by the northern controlled federal government and the new regionally dominated Republican Party. Many argue that the main reason the South seceded from the union was only over the issue of slavery. The South thought that the new Republican Party and the newly elected president, President Lincoln, were going to abolish slavery in the South. Although this may be, for the most part true, it is not the sole reason for the South’s decision to secede. The four states that seceded later in 1861, had at first voted against secession on the sole basis over the issue of slavery.
Pro-Slavery Arguments Biblical Nowhere in the Bible does it express even mild disapproval of enslaving human beings by God. There is no specific condemnation of slavery to be found anywhere. In fact God is depicted as approving of slavery and even regulating slavery throughout various passages in the Bible. These passages ensure that slaves and their owners act in acceptable ways. As can be seen in the Old Testament passage; “When a slave owner strikes a male or female slave with a rod and the slave dies immediately, the owner shall be punished, but if the slave survives a day or two, there is no punishment; for the slave is the owner's property” (Exod.
After the Civil War, most southern states rejected the amendment however it was ratified by the required twenty eight of the thirty seven states. According to americaslibrary.gov the fourteenth amendment “forbids any state to deny any person ‘life, liberty or property without due process of law’ or to ‘deny any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of its law.’” This amendment gave a wider range of definition of citizenship unlike the outcome of the Dred Scott v. Sanford case in 1857. According to pbs.com, the court “decided that all people of African ancestry -- slaves as well as those who were free -- could never become citizens of the United States and therefore could not sue in federal court. The court also ruled that the federal government did not have the power to prohibit slavery in its territories.” After all the court appeals, Scott in the end was still a slave. The initial intent of the fourteenth amendment was to grant slaves and former slaves citizenships, so the United States did not “limit immigration when the fourteenth amendment was ratified” (14thamendment.us).
As said in class people who wrote the constitution were both for and against slavery. So what can they have possibly decided would be the right thing to do? Well, although the laws are written straightforward without using any key words we know that slaves were not known as citizens. They weren’t citizens because slaves were considered property of the owner and basically nothing to the United States.
Mexico had abolished the institution two decades earlier; would the United States reintroduce it? Many Americans looked to the election of 1848 to decide the matter” (McPeek 450). The Liberty Party was determined to bar slavery from all territories through the Wilmot Proviso. The Southern Democrats challenged the Wilmot Proviso. John Calhoun, the leader of the Southern Democrats, affirmed the right of slave-owners to bring their slaves to any territory.
In 1861 serfdom, the system which tied the Russian peasants irrevocably to their landlords, was abolished at the Tsar’s imperial command. Four years later, slavery in the USA was similarly declared unlawful by presidential order. Tsar Alexander II (1855-81) shared with his father, Nicholas I, a conviction that American slavery was inhumane. This is not as hypocritical as it might first appear. The serfdom that had operated in Russia since the middle of the seventeenth century was technically not slavery.
(Document A) If there is no right to vote in a country you are not treated like a citizen. The constitution was signed in the year 1787, stating that all men are equal. There is no equality if you are not allowed to vote just because you are of a different skin color. They were “Freed Blacks” but couldn’t even be granted the freedom to vote as the other “free” men of the country were. Other than not being able to vote, the free blacks were not able to even participate in the jury.
The idea of the American Dream is rooted in the United States Declaration of Independence, which states that "all men are created equal" and that they have certain inalienable rights that include life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. Does the American dream belong to everyone? The American dream has shaped America. However, the American dream didn’t apply to everyone; Africans were forced here by slave traders before the Emancipation Proclamation existed many years ago. They were forced to America not knowing what it would be like.
Why or why not? It’s important first before we talk about equal opportunity and race in America that we define voting rights, civil rights, equal opportunity, and equality outcome. The 13th Amendment was important because it was the abolishment of slavery. “This point is underscored by the fact that, although slavery was abolished by constitution amendment, not one word of the original text was amended or deleted” (Spalding, 463). Voting Rights Act prohibits states from imposing voting qualifications for voting, on standards, practices, or procedures that deny or take the right of a U.S. citizen to vote because of race, color, or a language minority group.