Compare the strengths and weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation to those of the Constitution. Which document did a better job at protecting liberties? Which document did a better job at running a government? Explain your answer with specific examples The Articles of Confederation was drafted in 1777, but was not ratified by all the states until March 1st, 1781. At the time, the states feared a strong central government, for this reason, the Continental Congress tried to give the states as much independence as possible.
The Articles of Confederation was American colonies first attempt to become unified under a single governmental entity. Designed to be weak, the Articles banded the 13 colonies in an attempt deal with problems such as foreign policy. At the time of the Articles of Confederation, the colonies were much divided and there were constantly opposing views on every action taken. The Articles of Confederation, on the positive note, was able to unify the American colonies in their fight against Britain and solve the land issues of Western lands. In a way we could see the Articles of Confederation as a stepping stone to something greater, the United States Constitution.
The validity of the Articles of Confederation Tom Masters 11/5/11 DBQ From 1781 to 1789, the Articles of Confederation was set up as a weak federal government, that gave power to the states, but had its weaknesses. Among its many weaknesses was the single branch government, and the inability of Congress to tax the states. The Articles did solve the land boundaries in north west by creating the ordinances. During the 1780's, the United States witnessed several individual states trying to expand their borders. According to a map of western lands ceded by the states, each state claimed new lands on their own.
November 1777 The Continental Congress passed the Articles of Confederation. The national government had few powers, because Americans were afraid a strong government would lead to tyranny. It was run by a Continental Congress. They had the power to wage war, make peace, sign treaties, and issue money. July 1778 Eight states ratified the Articles.
Federalists, on the other hand, believed in broadly adhering to constitution, characterizing them as broad constructionists. This allowed the Federalists to make decisions that were not clearly supported by the constitution, ultimately giving the government more power than the constitution. While the Federalists and Republicans were thought as very diverse parties, their beliefs ended up crossing during the presidencies of Jefferson and Madison. Therefore, from 1801 to 1817 while the Federalists were considered to be broad constructionists and Republicans strict constructionists, they both went astray from their beliefs so each party could do what was best for themselves and, most importantly, the country. From 1801 to 1809, during the presidency of Jefferson, it was the first time that the Republicans and Federalists didn't abide by the ordinary ideals each group previously followed.
The Judicial Branch of government along with the Supreme Court was created in 1787, because of the constitution. The Supreme court was suppose to act as the most powerful court, and check the powers of the Federal and State governments. Before John Adams left his office as president in 1801, he appointed John Marshall as the First Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. Soon john Marshall used his power as the Chief Justice in order to instill his own opinions as a federalists, making the federal government stronger than the states. Thus stating that Supreme Court did act a partisan political body rather than being a neutral arbiter of the constitution.
In the Declaration of Independence, Thomas Jefferson explained how governments should not be overthrown for petty reasons, but he believed the King of Great Britain had taken the situation too far. The New England economy was growing, and the colonist gradually began to think and act independently from England. Therefore, England initiated Parliament
1. Although Benjamin Franklin’s Plan for the Union was designed for protection and not power, it did have some aspects to it that were more politically and economically motivated. It suggested that a general assembly was to be formed, providing a general and uniform government in the colonies for the first time. This council would not only make military plans and preparations, but also make laws and “levy…general duties, imposts or taxes” on the colonies. This was most likely why the British government did not support the plan, as it would have given the colonists even more power to self govern, and would have allowed the Colonies to have more power of taxation during a time where Britain was beginning to levy more taxes on them.
He held a firm stance against treason and sedition. However, as a Federalist he knew the importance of each state having its own sovereignty. During the Constitutional Convention of Philadelphia in 1787, Madison urged other delegates to include an equal balance to each state while considering amending the Articles of Confederation. Madison was probably the most influential of the founding fathers without getting much of the credit
Fortunately, the country’s most distinguish statesman assembled at Philadelphia during the hot summer of 1787. Through a process of judicious compromise, they hammered out a new constitution for the country, one that carefully divided power between the state and national governments. Although opposed by many irresponsible state politicians, the American people enthusiastically embraced the new plan and the country was rescued from impending anarchy. This account is mythical not only in the neutral sense of being the established American folklore, retold in every school in text, it is mythical also in the negative sense of being largely untrue and misleading. The alleged “critical period” was not one in which independent survival of the American experiment was jeopardized.