The Role Of Punishment In Childrearing Practices Essay

1400 Words6 Pages
Abstract Punishment is used in child rearing to decrease the likelihood of a certain behaviour recurring. Punishment can be physical or non-physical. This essay analyses the affect of punishment in: adolescents, in conjunction with reasoning in toddlers, and in relation to child temperament. The use of corporal punishment in adolescents has been linked to increased risks of psychological disorders in adulthood. Research evidence indicates that the use of non-physical punishment has been shown to be necessary to enhance the effectiveness of reasoning in young children and that determining child temperament is crucial for vital for developing optimal discipline strategies. It will be argued that non-corporal punishment does have a role in child rearing practice in the 21st century. The Role of Punishment in 21st Century Child Rearing Practices Burton, Weston, and Kowalski (2009) state that punishment and reinforcement are used to control behaviour through the process of operant conditioning whereby a specific behaviour (e.g., swearing) becomes associated with a consequence (e.g., time-out). Reinforcement aims to make a particular behaviour more likely to occur whereas punishment (either corporal or non-corporal) is an action that is intended to reduce the likelihood of a behaviour recurring. It can be administered in either a positive (e.g., spanking, time-out, send child to room) or negative (e.g., no dessert, loss of television privilege) approach. Corporal punishment is intended to inflict sufficient physical pain without causing injury to the offender (Straus & Kantor, 1994). Research indicates that adolescents whom have been subjected to corporal punishment are more likely to develop psychological disorders in adulthood (Straus & Kantor, 1994). Child temperament also has a large bearing on the success of discipline strategies and needs to be considered

More about The Role Of Punishment In Childrearing Practices Essay

Open Document