Language and People Manner in Communication By Putri Radanti Saraswati Abstract The importance of language in communication is undoubted. It is the nature of language as a means of communication. There are two kinds of communication depends on the way it is delivered, namely verbal and non-verbal communication. Verbal communication refers to spoken and written language through words, however non-verbal communication deals with the body movement, unspoken and unwritten language. In communicating to others, people can use verbal, non-verbal or the combination of those.
It shows the people around them his or her national identity. National identity helps people bind together as one nation and reflects their ideals and characteristics. Language signifies where the person is from and shows a lot about the his or her personality and ways of living. Language has a background of culture and how that person is destined to speak and understand it which can also affect a person in many ways. There are two ways to judge a person by the language he or she speaks.
The metonymic way of an attributive description of the subject: cultural aspect As is well-known, a language is the cultural environment of its native speakers. No language can be analyzed or learned without entering into the cultural traditions of its speakers. For a linguist, it is very important to produce a complete description of these cultural traditions to underpin his ideas. Thus any phenomenon appearing in a language should be studied and described in close connection with its cultural usage and its cultural environment. Metonymy is an important way of expressing ideas, a cognitive process, consisting in the transference of meaning based on associations.
How does language organize perceptions? Perceptions are important to form because they are always partial because we do not see everything as well as being subjective, because they are influenced by different cultures, physiology roles, standpoint, and cognitive abilities. Language allows abstract thoughts, that helps us to consider every specific object and experiences individually, instead of thinking of them in general terms. Language also stereotypes, which
Culture is one of the most important concept in people’s life. In my opinion, culture is the behavior. In other words the behavior which is transmitted to us by someone is called culture. The ways of living, eating, wearing, singing, dancing and talking are all parts of a culture. The word culture is understood to mean beautiful, refined or interesting.
Communication among Cultures and Genders Communication is a tool with which we exercise our influence on others, bring out changes in our and others’ attitudes, motivate the people around us and establish and maintain relationships with them. Communication makes a major part of our active life and is a social activity. This social activity is pursued verbally through speech, reading and writing or non-verbally through body language. Communication skill is not language specific. It is not as though speakers of a particular language have refined communication skills whereas; the speakers of some other language have unrefined communication skills.
We also use language to transmit our culture. The general uses of language are so varied that we cannot discuss them all. Here I list some of the purposes for which we use language below: We use language to label and define. Labelling means that we identify an object, act or person by giving it a name so that we can talk about it. Once something is named, it is simultaneously defined – that is, it takes on the characteristics that people associate with its label.
Everyone in the world has a culture or heritage. Everyone grows up in a certain community or nation, and the environment around them plays a huge role on their view of the world and how they live their lives. Human development and growth depend
Levi Strauss says that the articulation of culture is like that of a language. The superficial details of this language are peculiar to particular social systems: the way it is manipulated is the outcome of individual self-interest; but the ultimate grammar of the language is a human universal. All human beings are assumed to have roughly the same physiological needs and the same physiological responses. Behavior which is the immediate undecorated outcome of these physiological drives (breathing, sleeping, eating, drinking, and so on) is looked upon as part of human nature. The residual category of “non-natural behavior” is treated as either idiosyncratic or cultural.