The state never the less has a role to play in upholding the core values & morals of a society. A Liberal approach to the criminal justice system argues that the state is not neutral, but reflects the diverse & competing interests that are evident within the community. The state & it’s institutions will respond to the pressure generated by different groups. The role of the state is to deal with the social problems as they arise, & to ensure the regulation of social competition & conflict.There is a developmental role for the state in providing for the basic welfare & educational opportunities of it’s
It also constructs a world, and a peacemaking criminology, whose purposes are to promote peaceful and just communities and societies. 2. What is postmodern criminology? * When dealing with postmodern criminology, one of the most basic beliefs and supposititious is that not only is crime the result of the social interactions in an area, which is the foundation of
Outline and evaluate functionalist explanations of crime and deviance Crime and deviance can be defined as behaviour which breaks the law or goes against society's norms and values. Downes and Rock defined deviance as behavior which may be considered as banned or controlled behavior which is likely to attract disapproval or punishment. Crime is harder to define, however Pease (2002) defined crime and deviance as an action that is deemed so disturbing by citizens or disruptive to society that state intervention is justified. The macro perspective of Functionalism sees society working like the human body, this is described through the organic analogy. The agents of socialization work together to form equilibrium within society.
Attachment is described as the level of values and or norms that an individual holds in society. Attachment is especially important when it come to the person’s parental figures. This theory suggests that conventional figures, such as parents, when bonded make a huge impact in the deterrent of criminal acts. Attachment to other peers tend to be just as supportive as parental ties, just as long as these ties are positive and do not deviate from the social norms of society. According to Hirschi other attachments, such as school, play a tremendous role in conventional society.
Laws are the most efficient means of social control. b. Laws define which behaviors classify as "deviant" in a given society. c. Laws can be enforced by either political or moral authorities. d. Laws become more common when informal methods of social control are weakened.
1. The consensus model of the contemporary criminal justice system in the United States refers to a model of criminal law making that assumes that members of society agree upon what it is right and what it wrong and the laws should be based of agreed upon social values. It also says that society should work together in unison a common and shared vision of what is right and good. It is a perspective that assumes the criminal justice systems components work together to achieve justice. Whereas on the other hand the Conflict Model of the contemporary criminal justice system refers to a model of crime where the criminal justice system is seen to be used by the ruling class to control the lower class.
Module 1 Homework Assignment CRJ100: Introduction to Justice Administration Timothy Sox Brian Danigole May 29 2012 1. What is an institution of social control? Explain how criminal justice is an institution of social control. Institution of social control: an organization that persuades people through subtle and not-so-subtle means to abide by the dominant values of society. Criminal justice is part of the institution of social control, because they persuade you to follow social values.
Crime cannot rely completely on the personal flaws of certain individuals, but must take into consideration the social economic structure in which they may have been raised or which they currently inhabit. Societies are often separated into different classifications, social stratification, which will create an unbalanced set of social opportunities; money, power, and status. There are said to be three common classes within our societies, upper, middle, and lower and they contain various types of principles and customs (McCormick & Siegel, 2006). The upper-class of society tends to have greater amounts of funds and a larger social structure; however this class contains a small amount of people. The middle-class is known to be the white-collar workers that live within a stable setting.
A Look into Social Learning Theory & Differential Association Implications in support with Social Learning Theory and Differential Association allow for a modus ponens for the most perspicuous and convincing support on rehabilitative approaches adjunct with the use of correctional treatment in the field of criminology and the supplementation of criminal behaviour patterns. When exposed to a specific subculture (though not implicitly) that carry a significantly different set of values and morals, or even lifestyles orientated towards crime people may eventually adopt them over an extended period of time. The Social Learning Theory, first introduced by Albert Bandura provides an umbrella term for a subset of theories based off the concept
Generally acceptance is more than just tolerating differences that exists among different groups of people in a community. There is need to fully understand how the differences come about. The moment one understands how the differences arise, it becomes easy for him or her appreciate others from a totally different culture. This eventually creates an environment of cultural pluralism that is all inclusive. In the case of the United States, it is possible to make reference to the law and ensure that cultural pluralism is achieved.