The Role Of Expert Systems In Nursing And Medicine

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The role of expert system in nursing care and medicine
Nursing care and medicine rely on expert systems to augment their professional ability to carry out their day to day patient care. In today’s patient care environment, many nurses are already technology junkies. Cipriano, 2011, p.289. states that "Technology is the greatest tool available to transform and innovate the delivery of nursing care". Solutions exist today that can eliminate repetitive and mundane tasks, accomplish regulatory work, provide more efficient use of space, improve the environment of care, provide access to resources, and thereby improve safety and efficiency. (Cipriano, 2011). According to expert systems (2012) expert systems are computerized applications that combines computer hardware, software, and specialized information to imitate expert human reasoning and advice. The use of artificial intelligence to provide discipline-specific advice and explanation to their users is innovative and saves time and effort and also helps in the prevention of human error. With the emergence of the electronic health (EHR) record, decision support, and expert systems, the health care arena moved to an era of information-managing technologies (Englebardt & Nelson ,2012). Expert systems are used in hospitals for interpretation of patient data through a large database. The pharmaceutical expert system helps in identifying harmful drug to drug interactions whereas laboratory expert system alerts nurses and doctors of critical lab values. An expert system in one hospital system has been credited with remotely analyzing new data, upon discovering a problem, automatically alerts the doctor by a text message eliminating the doctors' need to have access to the computer to get the results.
Englebardt, S. P., & Nelson, R. (2002). Health care informatics: An

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