Ana Azucena Proffesor Music 25 11 March 3015 Salsa is one of the most dynamic and important musical phenomena of the 1900's represented by a second generation of salseros. In many Hispanic communities, it remains today the most popular style of dance music. Salsa represents a mix of Latin musical genres, but its primary component are the Cuban son with a combination of Afro-Cuban dance(1). The Spanish and Afro-Cuban musical elements were combined, both in terms of rhythm and the instruments, with heavy use of percussion a few examples are (clave, maracas, conga, bongo ), the instruments and the singers often mimic the call and response patterns of traditional African songs, and then segue into the chorus. Although, many argue that salsa originated in Cuba, Puerto Rico also played an enormous role in the orgin of salsa music.
Afro-Cuban Music The Buena Vista Club was a club in Cuba where dancing and musical performances were held. The most influential and highly known veteran Cuban musicians would meet there to perform. These musicians are Ibrahim Ferrer, Ruben Gonzalez, Pio Leyva, Manuel “Puntillita” Licea, Orlando “Cachaito” Lopez, Manuel “Guajiro” Mirabal, Eliades Ochoa, Omara Potuondo, Compay Segundo, Barbarito Torres, and Amadito Valdes. As the years kept passing by, these veteran Cuban musicians and their music were being forgotten. However, under the guidance and the Buena Vista Club album project of Juan de Marcos Gonzalez and Ry Coder, these veteran Cuban musicians were able to bring their music to the world and have it remembered by many people.
Southern blacks, delivered from slavery a few decades before, started playing European music Afro modifications. The first place of jazz has many origins: New Orleans, St. Louis, Memphis and Kansas City are just a few. But New Orleans was and still remains an important jazz center.
Latin music Latin music imported from Cuba (chachachá, mambo, rumba) and Mexico (ranchera and mariachi) had brief periods of popularity during the 50s. The earliest popular Latin music in the United States came with rumba in the early 1930s, and was followed by calypso in the mid-40s, mambo in the late 40s and early 50s, chachachá and charanga in the mid-50s, bolero in the late 50s and finally boogaloo in the mid-60s, while Latin music mixed with jazz during the same period, resulting in Latin jazz and the bossa nova fusion cool jazz. The first Mexican-Texan pop star was Lydia Mendoza, who began recording in 1934. It was not until the 40s, however, that musica norteña became popularized by female duets like Carmen y Laura and Las Hermanas Mendoza, who had a string of regional hits. The following decade saw the rise of Chelo Silva, known as the "Queen of the (Mexican) Bolero", who sang romantic pop songs.
As a leading producer of sugar, coffee, nickel, and tobacco, Cuba was attractive to entrepreneurs who contributed to a diverse cultural mix by bringing workers from Africa and Asia. Cuba was dominated as a Spanish colony until it’s independence from Spain in 1902. The migration of Cuban artists to Europe and various parts of the Americas such as Mexico and the United States has contributed another level of influence on the development of Cuban art and culture. Among the most important émigré artists is Wifredo Lam (1902-1982), who brought to Cuba from his long period of residence in Europe the influences of Pablo Picasso’s Cubism and Andre Breton’s Surrealism. The influence of these two movements with the emphasis of Surrealism on automatism and revealing the unconscious through visual and literary images, brought the new artistic developments of Europe into the Cuban artistic community.
Describing Cuban Music ‘Canto Para Elewa y Chango’ is a hip hop song performed by Los Orishas, which is a Cuban hip hop group formed and started in the early 1900s. The whole song can be classified into different sections, for me, I would make it three basic sections, including solely music (introductory music and bridge), the rapping part and the singing component (chorus). The contour of melody is quite varied. For example: the introduction music (reference timing: 00:01-00:27) is arranged in a series of repeated falling scale. This particular section of music will recur in the later part of the music.
In the 20’s this music was Jazz. In the 80’s America saw the same urban African American culture embrace the hip hop movement. Similar in many respects with their secular themes, improvisation, polyrhythm, and use of call-and-response, hip hop became the new way to express the struggles while carrying on the tradition style of African American music. One of the most visible examples of hip hop’s roots in jazz is the basis of the art form, the beat. Hip hop originated when New York DJ’s began isolating the percussion breaks on funk and rock records.
 A few black rhythm and blues musicians, notably Louis Jordan, the Mills Brothers, and The Ink Spots, achieved crossover success; in some cases (such as Jordan's "Choo Choo Ch'Boogie") this success was achieved with songs written by white songwriters.  The Western swing genre in the 1930s, generally played by white musicians, also drew heavily on the blues and in turn directly influenced rockabilly and rock and roll, as can be heard, for example, on Elvis Presley's "Jailhouse Rock" (1957).  Going back even further, rock and roll can trace one lineage to the old Five Points, Manhattan district of mid-19th century New York City, the scene of the first fusion of heavily
Growing up in South Florida you see a lot of cultures all around you. I know they say New York is the melting pot of the country but South Florida has so many cultural influences from many countries. There is flags on cars, there are towns named after cities in other countries, and people representing where they came from. Representing where you or your family originated has become the cool thing to do. People will trace back to their great great great uncle and claim that they are part of that nationality.
What made Herc different than most DJs was his "looping" of certain parts of records. What he would do is take the phattest part of a song (called a "break") and replay it back and forth using two turntables and a mixer. A new song of sorts was created; a repeating groove that kids in the parks would dance to. Hip-hop was initiated as a cultural movement by inner-city youth, mostly Latinos, Hispanics, and African Americans in New York City, in the early seventies. The word "rap" was derived in the sixties, from a slang word that meant conversation.