The judicial branch consists of the Supreme Courts and Federal Courts. Judges are selected or elected as members of these courts to enforce the law. In summary, the legislative branch makes the law, the executive branch carries out the law and the judicial branch enforces the law. These branches interact with each in such a way that each branch relies on the other two branches for their
How effectively does Congress fulfil its constitutional roles? To start of this essay we must first understand what the role of Congress actually is? The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the federal government of the United States consisting of two houses: the House of Representatives and the Senate. It is the law-maker which is the primary and most important function of the legislature. It is through laws that policies of government are laid down for implementation.
Laura Ballestas BU-201-OL1 Prof. H. Mayer September 14, 2014 Business Law 201 Module One Assignment: Check Your Understanding: 1. Define the following terms: Constitutional law: Law that is based on the U.S. Constitution and the constitutions of the various states. Statutory law: The body of the law enacted by legislative bodies (as opposed to constitutional law, administrative law, or case law). Ordinances: Laws passed by a local governing unit, such as a municipality or a county. Administrative law: The body of law created by administrative agencies (in the form of rules, regulations, orders, and decisions) in order to carry out their duties and responsibilities.
Fundamentally, the county’s ethics are guideline to keep their employees’ correct decisions and the straight and narrow. In the code of ethics, it purposes to avoid crimes beforehand from employees and public trust in work place. The chief administrative officer Helen stated that ethics are important to the County of San Diego to reach public service goals. County of San Diego obeys their code of ethics for improve the public good. To follow the code of ethics are the basic duties of the employees.
Judicial review was established through judicial interpretation in court case Marbury v. Madison. The Supreme Court justices interpreted that the Constitution gives them to right to review laws for constitutionality. Another informal method is incorporation of traditions, precedent and practice. Although not enumerated in the Constitution, a traditional practice may be widely used because of widely acceptance. Political faction is one example of amending the Constitution informally.
They and only they created law, in a pure absolutist state. The monarch would control the armies, regulate religious order, and bargain with nobility. Constitutionalism was based on agreed law through the parliament, balanced between government power and rights of the people. The parliament, consisting of the sovereign, is where the power resides in a constitutional state. The majority of power stands in the electorate and its representatives.
A government refers to the legislatures and administrators who control a state at any given time, and is the system of government by which they are organized. Governments enforce policies, as well as determining what should be put into policy. Each government is made up of individuals who exercise control over political decision making and policy making. The function of government is to enforce laws, legislate new ones, and control conflict. The government is in certain ways a means of controlling the people of the respective countries, and making sure the people have specific rights.
The legislature is the law-making body, and is comprised of the House of Commons and the House of Lords. The legislative function involves ‘the enactment of general rules determining the structure and powers of public authorities and regulating the conduct of citizens and private organisations. The executive is all the institutions and persons concerned with the implementation of the laws made by the legislature. It involves central and local government and the armed forces. The role of the executive ‘..includes initiating and implementing legislation, maintaining order and security, promoting social and economic welfare, administering public services and conducting the external relations of the state.
What are the sources of the UK constitution? There are five principal sources of the British constitution: Statute Law, Common Law, Conventions, Authoritative Works and European law. Statute Law is created by parliament. In the legislative process, Acts of Parliament have to be approached by the House of Commons, The House of Lords and the monarch before they are placed on the statute book. They are then implemented by the executive and enforced by the courts.
Sample multiple-choice questions for the English Legal System module for LLB open learning 1. Which of the statements below most accurately reflects the constitutional position between the legislature and the judiciary: a) Parliament encourages the judiciary to make law through the process of statutory interpretation because it does not have enough parliamentary time to enact laws itself. b) Parliament is the supreme lawmaking body and the role of the judiciary is to interpret and apply law made by Parliament. c) The judiciary considers itself a primary lawmaking body equal to Parliament. d) It is the role of the judiciary, when interpreting statutes, to fill in the gaps in the statutes.