Hitler used propaganda, elimination of the opposition, and a cult of personality to gain the support and trust of the German people in a time of economic crisis to his benefit and the rest of the world's loss. Single party states arise from a crisis, and Germany was suffering from a very large one at that time. The end of World War I in 1918 had left the economic state in shambles, and the loss struck the German people hard. Furthermore, the Treaty of Versailles the following year resulted in the demilitarisation and many cuts from German land and territory. Hitler criticized the carving up of Europe by the "Big Four" (the US, UK, France and Italy), stating that the Germans were the "master race".
Hitler instead blamed many others, mainly the Wemiar and the Jews, this also gained popularity with the people of Germany. The treaty of Versailles also stipulated that Germany must demiliterize, resulting in alot of soliders without jobs. With large unemployment people are more likely to take more radical views as they get more desperate, Hitler used this to his advantage. The treaty of Versailles was a major cause to Hitlers rise to power. Another major cause that resulted in Hitlers rise to power was the Weimar democracy.
None the less, the so called ‘peace settlement’ had crippled Germany over the years. After the war, Germany was pressured. Because of the ‘war guilt’ clause, Germany and Austria were responsible for all 'loss and damage' suffered by the Allies. Clemenceau initiated a debt for Germany, ‘aka’ reparations which had crippled the German’s already plummeting economy. They were supposedly in debt of an equivalent of some £6,600.000.
Q. How important was resentment over the Treaty of Versailles in explaining the rise to power of the Nazi Party in Germany between 1919-33? The resentment over the Treaty of Versailles is very important in explaining the rise to power of the Nazi Party in Germany between 1919-33. Aswel as the Treaty of Versailles, there were many other factors that could be blamed for the rise of the of the Nazi party ,including the Weimar Republic, Nazi ideology and perhaps most importantly the Economic Factors. The treaty of versailles was one of the peace treaties signed at the end of ww1 after months of argument and negotiation amongst the "big three" to what the treaty should contain.
During the 20th century, the Germans faced an appalling economic depression and during that time, the people lost trust in their government, and taking advantage of this opportunity, Hitler rose to power. Germany became secluded, and to the German people, Hitler was their ultimate savior. In a matter of years, Hitler rapidly rose to power and boosted the economy. Hitler and his Nazi party rise to power was one of chance and circumstance. His alternative views struck chord with the people; he was able to channel Germany’s disgust for the Weimar Republic, Treaty of Versailles and minority groups into support for his National socialist Party.
Explain why Germany was bankrupt by 1923. At first, Germany’s main problem was that its government was bankrupt. The cost of the war was so great that that all of the German gold reserves had been put towards the cause. After the Weimar Republic had made the decision to surrender, The Treaty of Versailles had made things considerably worse. It deprived Germany of wealth-earning areas, such as the coalfields in Silesia.
He was also under threat from other groups especially the Communist Party. After the Wall Street Crash ( October 1929) many people looked to extremist groups such as the Nazi and Communist Parties. People blamed the Social Democrats who were linked to the Weimar Republic for the economic failure and this is why popularity grew for the Nazi Party. It was essential to gain a two thirds majority in the Reichstag if Hitler hoped to pass any laws of his own. So one of the first things Hitler did after becoming Chancellor was to dissolve the Reichstag and call for a fresh election on the 5th March 1933.
When And Why Did The Second World War Turn Against Hitler And His Allies? In September 1939 the world descended into the most violent conflict in its history. This was as a result of many years of poverty stress and anger at other countries (from Germany). Hitler took this downfall of the country to become the prime minister, as he often said that if he became the leader of Germany he would sort the country of all its problems. Hitler then took away the “Power of the People” by replacing parliament with a self proclaimed dictatorship, which most Germans welcomed.
However, while both these reasons were of great importance in the arrival of Hitler as chancellor in 1933, there were also many other events which contributed to this rapid achievement of power. Out of the many conditions which helped in the rise to power of Adolf Hitler, the failure of the Weimar was definitely of massive importance. Germany had emerged from the war a destroyed country with a starving population, the people were angry and the morale of everyone was low, this led to the outbreak of a series of strikes and uprisings; such as the Kapp Putsch and the Spartacist Uprising. Furthermore, the social democrats were forced to accept the other consequences of defeat which were presented to them in the ‘Shameful diktat of Versailles’. Having signed this treaty the Social Democrats gained the immediate dislike of German nationalists who quickly spread the myth of Germany being “stabbed in the back” by social democrats and Jews, hence creating great unpopularity for this new attempt at democracy.
In total, Germany lost over one million square miles of land and 12.5% of its inhabitants suddenly found themselves out of Germany's new borders. There were many economic impacts as well that also affected the rest off the world. Germany was blamed for World War One and, as a result, were held accountable for the cost of the war. The Treaty dictated that the substantial amount of money, called reperations, was to be paid to the Allies. The total agreed by the Allies in 1921 came up to £6,600 billion.