3) – Explain why depression, delirium, and age related memory impairment may be mistaken for dementia Depression, delirium and age related memory impairment may be mistaken for dementia because they all share many of the same symptoms as dementia. Symptoms of dementia: Increasing difficulties with tasks and activities that require concentration and planning Memory loss, Depression, Changes in personality and mood, Periods of mental confusion, Low attention span, Urinary incontinence, Stroke like symptoms, such as
UNIT 13 Dementia Awareness 1- Understand what dementia is 1.1 Explain what is meant by th term 'dementia' The term 'dementia' describes a set of symptoms which include loss of memory, mood changes, and problems with communication and reasoning. These symptoms occur when the brain is damaged by certain diseases, including Alzheimer's disease and damage caused by a series of small strokes. Dementia is progressive, which means the symptoms will gradually get worse. How fast dementia progresses will depend on the individual person and what type of dementia they have. Each person is unique and will experience dementia in their own way.
This can result in significant problems with perception and communication, including the ability to articulate feelings, frustration, stress and fear. The Thomas Pockington (2005) suggests there is increasing evidence of significant disturbances in visual funtion in Alzheimer disease and other types of dementia. These deficits are believed to be more feflective of disturbances in the brain than of any problem with the eyes. Loss of vision profoundly affects communication. 4,, Depression and other confused states are sometimes mistaken for dementia.
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Abstract Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) has been recognized globally as a disorder which is not only common among individuals who have experienced traumatic events, but is also considered a normal response by normal people who have been in abnormal situations. Our external environment can trigger an associated memory causing an individual to experience anxiety like symptoms, and if the symptoms are severe enough they can be classified as PTSD. PTSD is a disorder an individual can learn to control and eventually overcome with help of professionals, family, friends and most importantly, self. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: PTSD Post Traumatic Stress Disorder or more commonly known as PTSD, “is
Detecting symptoms early matters, knowing signs can be very helpful. A. The most common form of dementia is Alzheimer’s. “The hallmarks of dementia are functional, cognitive, and behavioral manifestations.” 1. Serious memory loss, confusion, behavior changes, and difficulty speaking, swallowing, and walking have been known to be signs of an individuals whose brain cells are failing.
Vascular dementia, which occurs after a stroke, is the second most common dementia type. But there are many other conditions that can cause symptoms of dementia, including some that are reversible, such as thyroid problems and vitamin deficiencies. Dementia is often incorrectly referred to as "senility" or "senile dementia," which reflects the formerly widespread but incorrect belief that serious mental decline is a normal part of aging. Key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia Parietal Lobe – language, special awareness, recognition Frontal Lobe - behaviour, movement, personality 2. Describe the key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia The main areas of the brain that are affected by dementia in terms of causing difficulties with their functions are: 1) Frontal Lobe – this is the part of the brain that controls behaviour, movement, personality and the interpretation of what is around us 2) Parietal Lobe – this is the part of the brain that controls the language we use, spacial awareness and recognition of places, objects and people.
People who experience persistent PTSD often have a fragmented and disorganized memory of the event. This latter finding is consistent with the observation that persistent PTSD is more common in people who cope with traumatic events using dissociation. Dissociation may interfere with the formation of an organized, coherent memory of events. Research Support for the Cognitive Model of PTSD Research supports this cognitive model of PTSD. A number of studies cited in Ehlers and Clark (2000, p. 342) demonstrate the link between persistent PTSD and: appraisals of the trauma, beliefs about PTSD symptoms, and negative judgments about other people’s post-trauma responses.
PsychSim 5: WHEN MEMORY FAILS Name: Per: This activity explores severe memory loss—how it happens and what impact it has on behavior. Forms of Long-Term Memory * Researchers believe that there are distinct forms of long-term memory, each designed to handle specific types of information or experiences. Match the name of the form to its description below. * _E_ Explicit Memory A. Behaviors or emotions that occur automatically as reactions to outside events as a result of past associations * _B__ Implicit Memory B. Memory of skills or behaviors that can be retrieved without conscious awareness * _D_ Semantic Memory C. Knowledge of the specific
The temporal lobe is focused on memory and language, this includes short term memory loss or memory of recent events and ability to explain or describe or think logically. 1.3 - Explain why depression, delirium and age related memory impairment may be mistaken for dementia. · Depression, delirium and age related memory impairment may be mistaken for dementia as they have similar effects on a persons behaviour, depression is a mood disorder, delirium is a sudden a severe confusion and rapid changes in brain function that occur with physical or mental illness, delirium is also described as an acute toxic confusional state and cognitive impairment is a loss of ability to think, concentrate and
(McClure) These distortions may include flashbacks, indecisiveness, lack of concentration, etc. (“Psychological/Emotional Trauma…”) An extreme long-term effect of sexual abuse is for one to experience flashbacks causing them to extend their healing process. These flashbacks can seem so real that the victim feels as if they were reliving the trauma as it brings them back to the exact time and place. Specific images, smells, sounds, dreams, overwhelming emotions, and body sensations all are tools in which flashbacks can develop. Although most last just a moment, some flashbacks can be “long and arduous, as well as very powerful.” Sometimes the victim may not even appear to be more than distracted or unresponsive.