The Republican Party: The Abolitionist Movement

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It was no freak chance that President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation and also happened to be the first Republican president. The Republican Party was founded as an abolitionist movement. It’s purpose from conception to present day was freedom and equality. Notable black Republicans of the abolitionist movement (defined as the period of slavery through to the end of segregation) include Booker T. Washington, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., Frederick Douglas, Harriet Tubman, and Sojourner Truth to name only a few. History seems to have been forgotten by those who accuse the Republican Party of being racist, or not representing black America. In fact, the Republican Party was the party of black Americans until at least the late…show more content…
Foundation of Ku Klux Klan, 1865: Militant organization designed to protect the interests of white Americans by violence and intimidation of blacks, Republicans, and equal rights supporters. The KKK suppressed the black vote and Republican support through terrorist activities, helping to elect southern Democrats after the Civil…show more content…
Mississippi Plan, 1875: Devised by the Democrat Party to control public offices held in the south through violence and intimidation. Civil Rights Act of 1875: Proposed by Republican Senator Charles Sumner and Republican Congressman Benjamin Butler, and passed by Republican President Grant. It was overturned by the Supreme Court in 1883. Jim Crow Laws, 1876-1965: Segregationist laws passed by Democrats on local and state levels in the southern states during Reconstruction. The last of the laws were finally overturned with the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Voting Rights Act of 1965. Founding of the NAACP, 1909: Most of the founders were black Republicans. Brown vs. Board of Education, 1953: Republican President Eisenhower’s Asst. Attorney General Paul Wilson argued against segregation while former Democrat presidential nominee John Davis argued in favor of segregation. We finally get to something one Democrat did for blacks while the rest of the party opposed them: Civil Rights Act of 1964: Signed into law under Democrat President Lyndon Johnson after attempts by Democrat Senators and Democrat Representatives to block its passage
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