(c) How successful was the West in containing Communism in Europe up to 1949? Explain your answer?  | Jan 2012 | Q.2 (a) What decisions about Germany were taken at Yalta and Potsdam?  (b) Explain why the wartime allies disagreed about Poland in 1945.  (c) The following were equally to blame for increasing Cold War tensions before 1950: i. Soviet expansion in Eastern Europe; ii.
James Stewart How far do you agree that the outbreak of a major conflict in Korea in 1950 was caused by Communist aggression? The Korean War broke out in 1950 whilst Harry Truman was at the head of the American Federal Government. There were many reasons for the outbreak such as the ambiguity of the US’ foreign policy, America’s anti-Communistic mind-set, intervention from Communist China and most importantly Communist aggression orchestrated by North Korea itself and its leader, Kim Il Sung. The most significant factor of the 1950 conflict in Korea breaking out was Communist aggression in particular from the North Koreans themselves, but also Joseph Stalin and his USSR. One example of Communist aggression by North Korea, was the act of actually invading South Korea unprovoked which subsequently prompted the reaction from the United Nations and the US in particular.
Were the Reasons for the Removal of Nikita Khrushchev as a Head of the Soviet Union Adequate? Nikita Khrushchev became First secretary of the Communist Party in 1953 after Georgi Malenkov was forced to retire. Khrushchev’s methods were generally based on Marxism-Leninism, but still different from Stalin’s; he was not so extreme and violent in his politics. Khrushchev led the Soviet Union through the Cold War, and in 1964 he was accused by the Central Committee in erratic and cantankerous behavior regarding the international affairs of the SU (Hosking, Geoffrey). The exact accusations were connected to Khrushchev’s mishandling the Cuban Missile Crisis and failure in the agricultural sector of Soviet economy (Hosking, Geoffrey).
Truman in the late 1940s, started to introduce doctrines that moved for the “containment” of communist expansion and influence in Europe. There was also the fear of an internal communist threat that spurred the creation of the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC). The HUAC held public investigations and tried to uncover communist toleration and subversion. One notorious investigation was against Alger Hiss, who was accused of passing classified documents to the Soviet Union in 1937 and 1938. In 1950 the McCarran Internal Security Act passed and required communist organizations to publish their records, and register with the government.
How does the myth of Stalin being presented by this image from 1939 differ from earlier and later mythic presentations of Stalin? The myth of Stalin being presented by this image from 1939 (Plate 1.5.8) differs in some ways from earlier and later images of Stalin. This essay will discuss this image of Stalin and the differences between this image and some of the earlier and later images of Stalin. The myth of Stalin through images began to appear around 1930 after he had consolidated his power in the party following the death of Lenin in 1924. In a vast country with poor infrastructure and populated mainly by semi illiterate peasants, the use of images as a form of communication was an effective use of state controlled propaganda.
He left in 1919, having seen active front-line service in France and having narrowly escaped being killed when a German shell exploded three yards away from him and having been a victim of a gas-attack. In “An Inspector Calls”, Priestley uses a lot of his political views in the Inspectors speeches by using him as a kind of a mouthpiece for his socialism. The play was written in 1946; however it was set in 1912, just before the outbreak of WWI. This was a new era when people were no longer willing to accept the poverty or the class system that had gone before. Priestley strongly believed that everyone had some responsibility for others in society and not just their own welfare.
The experiments began three months after the start of the trial of Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann. Milgram devised the experiments to answer this question: "Could it be that Eichmann and his million accomplices in the Holocaust were just following orders? Could we call them all accomplices (Milgram, 1963)?" A poll conducted at Yale before the experiment showed that it was generally believed that people would act according to their own will and conscience when it came to being told to carry out actions incompatible with fundamental standards of morality (Milgram, 1963). Milgram hypothesized that relatively few people have the resources needed to resist authority- or just someone in a white coat, a symbol of authority.
The party was created in 1919 by a railway mechanic called Anton Drexler. At first it was a very small organisation with only 6 members. In September 1919 Adolf Hitler was sent to check out the new party by the army. Hitler went to a meeting of the German Workers Party and was immediately attracted to its ideas. He found himself supporting the extremely Anti-Semitic beliefs of Anton Drexler.
When Stalin died in 1953 Mao became disillusioned with the new leader Khrushchev within a few years due to the secret speech distancing Russia from Stalin and pursuing two anti-Stalin policies in destalinization and peace co-existence. Mao took great offence at these policies as he had built his nation on Stalinist policies so for Russia to be distancing
This developed until a confrontation, from Western and Eastern Europe, in a nuclear arms race. Moreover, the decisions made by the ‘Big Three’ at the international conferences in Tehran, Yalta and Potsdam between 1943 and 1945 contributed to the deterioration of relations between American and the USSR. At the Yalta conference, February 1945, Germany had not been defeated so it was split into four zones of occupation by Britain, France, America, Russia and free elections were allowed in Eastern Europe: the Declaration of the Liberated. Also, Russia joined the UN and promised to help defeat Japan after Germany was defeated. Later that year in Potsdam, many open disagreements took place because Germany had lost the war so Russia had promised to fulfil, Churchill had lost the 1945 election and Roosevelt died so Truman, who replaced him was angered by the large scale reparations imposed on Germany and the setting up of a communist government in Poland.