The Reason of the Outbreak of Second World War

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The reasons of the outbreak of the Second World War When we are talking about the reasons of Second World War, what phrases will you remember first? “Hitler” “Mussolini” “appeasement policy” or “Treaty of Versailles”, which are closely related to WWII? In fact, it was a global war which lasted from 1939 to 1945. Great powers were mainly formed into two military alliance, the Axis and the Allies. The Axis consist of Germany, Japan and Italy, meanwhile, the Allies grouped with about 57 countries, for instance, Britain, France, Poland, etc. In this essay, several reasons would be pointed out to explain the outbreak of WWII. The obvious cause is the appearance of the treaty of Versailles. It was discussed on Pairs Peace Conference after the First World War .The peace settlement was signed by the five defeat nation, which included Germany, Austria, Hungary, Bulgaria and Turkey. The most vital one with harsh rules was signed with Germany on June 28, 1919. The Germans were fury with article 231, the so called War Guilt Clause, which declared Germany responsible for starting the war and need to pay reparations. Furthermore, ‘Germany had to lower its army to 100,000 men, reduce its navy and eliminate its air force. German territorial losses included the return of Alsace and Lorraine to France. German land west and as far as 30 miles east of the Rhine was established as a demilitarized zone.’(Duiker & Spielvogel, 2010) The Germany government needed to accept the harsh treaty with no choice. The reparations made Germany’s economy in a worse state and Germans got a hard life at that time. Therefore, the thought of revenge were established and it leaded to the rise of Adolf Hitler, which was the essential person in WWII. The rise up of Adolf Hitler and Mussolini also take an important role for the outbreak of WWII. The rising of Hitler and Mussolini represented that the
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