Gordon Wood’s The Radicalism of the American Revolution provided an interesting and insightful view into the changes that were wrought by the struggle to create a republic on North American soil. Wood’s central thesis was that the political reform movement ushered in by the Revolution caused a deep social revolution, which changed the nature of American society and had a powerful impact on everything that the United States has undertaken throughout its entire existence. According to Wood, the Revolution caused America to run through several different phases of development, moving from the social organization of a monarchical society to that of a republican society and finally ending up as a democratic society that ultimately distressed many of the Revolution’s leaders. Wood claimed that the political reorganization in America changed how citizens viewed one another and had a subtle, but deep and profound change on their social relationships. Further, the American Revolution was a radical movement that changed the world in a way that shook it to its foundations by challenging the concept of aristocracy in the Western World that had existed for two thousand years and completely changed the political and social landscape in the United States and the world forever.
The Revolution and Social Change The war left the United States in a dark spot as they must settle two important issues as to what kind of society America was to become and what sort of government the new nation would possess. Social tensions exposed during the imperial crises of 1765-1775 were subsequently magnified along with the principles articulated in the Declaration of Independence and the dislocations caused by the war itself. 1. Egalitarianism Among White Males • By 1776, the anti-British movement that had persuaded many elites to maintain the appearance, if not the substance, of equality. • The war only helped efforts to erode the class differences between the gentry who held offices and the ordinary folk serving as privates.
This prompted their widespread protests and the penning of the DSFC by Elizabeth Cady Stanton (Carlacio 248-249; Stanton 70-71). In both the circumstances which occasioned the DOI and those which gave rise to the DSFC, the oppressed were agitating for the same effect; the conclusion of unjust and ill treatment. Whilst for the DOI the oppressed were the whole country and all the Americans, the oppressed in the DSFC’s light were the females (Carlacio 247-250). The DSFC thus laid down claims for the unfettered rights of the females. Its intended upshot was to secure evenhanded rights for all, by stressing on females’ suffrage and other rights.
Root Causes of the American Revolution There are many different reasons as to why the American Revolution took place. One might argue that the British oppression upon the colonists triggered the Revolution itself through unjust tax laws, land restrictions, trade regulations and political and economic differences. However, one might also argue that the differences between the upper and lower aroused conflict and social unrest, which called for revolution in order for a strong unification between the rich and the poor. Schweikart and Allen’s A Patriot’s History of the United States and Howard Zinn’s A People’s History of the United States discusses these two viewpoints as the root causes of the American Revolution. Although Zinn argues that the conflicts caused by the differentiating social classes in order to dissolve the class divisions was the main cause of the American Revolution, the “other side of the story” is told by Schweikart and Allen, as they reason that it was actually the British who unknowingly burdened the colonies with oppression, which brought about the revolution itself.
（只是跟那些有錢的白人作對比后，那些在政治圈外的人們就會覺得獨立宣言欺騙了他們，尤其黑人是這麼覺得的） Those resentments could be count as the causes of the civil war and Shay’s Rebellion. （這些怨恨與不滿可以算作是日後civil war and Shay’s Rebellion的成因）the Revolution and the Constitution left the problem of the poor and slavery uncompleted, they both anticipated in exacerbating the future armed
The issue of women in political office is one that we face today, not so much at the lower levels of political offices but in the highest office, the presidential office. “Having deprived her of this right of a citizen, the elective franchise, thereby leaving her without representation in the halls of legislation, he has oppressed her on all sides” (2). Even today, people discriminate about women holding high office positions. The issue of women voting was one that women had to battle and finally won in the 1930’s. “He has permitted her to exercise her inalienable right to the elective franchise”
Equal Rights Amendment For many generations, women seem to have had a major disadvantage in climbing the ladder of opportunity here in the United States. Some politicians have soiled their political career with the firm foundation of gender separation and sprinkled their seeds of propaganda into the minds of Americans nationwide. In an 1906 Life magazine article entitled “While there is Life there's Hope,” the editor explains that the “primary objection to woman suffrage is that it would add an enormous army of unqualified voters to the huge mass of them that vote now.” This army has stood its ground and fought not only for the right to vote but also for the right to fight. In 1977, female specific units were dispelled in the U.S. Army
The year 1763 was marked as a turning point in American History. The war between France and Britain for Colonial dominance in North America had ended. The British now controlled all of the lands discovered in North America but now had the large problem of developing an Imperial program for the much bigger empire. Britain would soon come to learn that the new colonies could determine their own destiny. The colonies had become a melting pot as more and more immigrants came to find a new life in America.
All that chaos contributed to the male chauvinism we see in our current society. Women had to handle that change without any moral support. It is also important to remember the important role women took in both world wars. A “Jury of Her Peers”, demonstrates how hard marriage was for all women who did not enjoy their relationships. Women in those types of relationships were treated as objects instead of being valued as women of freedom which represent intelligence, compassion, love and beauty.
In the late 1800s and early 1900s, women felt discriminated against by men and by most of society. Men generally held discriminatory and stereotypical views of women, which made many women dissatisfied with their lives and made them, feel their lives were unfulfilled and spinning out of control. Discrimination spurred women to take action. Women began to revolt, they began expressing the feelings they had bottled up inside all along. Kate Chopin wrote The Awakening, which helped other women to know they were not alone.