The Purposes and Effectiveness of Criminal Sentencing

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The criminal justice system has many elements associated to it such as a crime being committed, an investigation to obtain a suspect, the suspect’s rights being maintained during due process, the suspect’s trial and the sentencing phase once a suspect has been found guilty of a crime. Once a suspect has been found guilty of a crime the sentencing phase begins. The sentencing phase is the part of the criminal justice process where the judge determines punishment. The sentencing phase is paramount in our society’s pursuit to stop crime. During the sentencing phase there are four objectives that are considered such as deterrence, rehabilitation, incapacitation, and retribution. What is the purpose of these objectives and are they effective? The purpose of deterrence is to convince the public that committing crimes would result in certain punishments. The use of deterrence is implementing the use of harsher punishments that will deter those citizens whom are intending to commit a crime, will think twice before they do so. If criminals have to think about the potential consequences they may just deter away from the criminal act (Valerie Wright, 2010). One form of deterrence that is currently being used is the “three strikes and you’re out”. The “three strikes and you’re out” movement became enacted by the Federal government in 1997 to protect citizens from criminals that have been repeat offenders (Austin Ph.D., Clark, Hardyman Ph.D., & Henry, 2000). The criminal justice systems plan to get harsher on repeat offenders hopefully will deter these defendants from returning to the system and keep our society free of less crime. Deterrence at the juvenile level is the transferring of them to the adult system depending on the level of crime they have committed. If a juvenile has committed a crime such as murder at the age of 15 they can be eligible in some states

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