In 1637, three Puritans were put to trial by Archbishop Laud. They were found guilty and were punished severely. Charles tried to make the Scots use the English Prayer Book in 1637. They refused so Charles sent in an army. Charles’ army was defeated and he was in deep trouble.
In comparison, Fisher’s opposition was more vocal, he publicly condemned Henry getting an annulment from Catherine of Aragon, he was much more active in his opposition, delivering sermons and publishing books, an example of which being Sermon Against the Pernicious Doctrine of Martin Luther (1521). In April 1524, Fisher refused to take the oath on the act of succession, which was significant because it meant that they were choosing their Roman Catholic beliefs over Henry, which was treasonous. Historian Weir said, on fisher’s death, “there was widespread outrage at the buckering of such a
England for a long time had been told to hate Catholics and when James came from Scotland and became king he decided to marry Henrietta Maria, a Catholic, the people became unhappy because they did not know if their heir would be Protestant or Catholic. In 1625 England became involved in expensive foreign wars - with the Austrian Empire then in 1627 a war against France. This meant that Charles was very short of money and so he forced rich people to lend it to him. In 1628 Charles asked Parliament to let him raise custom duties on wines and many other goods. The MPs were not happy with the forced loans and foreign wars so they presented Charles with the Petition of Rights which was just parliament saying that Charles cannot raise custom duties without parliaments permission.
Enlightenment Agenda: George Washington Point of View The English Civil War was caused majorly by religion and Parliament’s wish to have more power over the monarch. It was a conflict between Charles I supporters, the Royalists or Cavaliers, and Roundheads, also known as the Parliamentarians, who were worried that Catholicism in any form would appear in the government. Another factor that lead to the English Civil War was the reigning king Charles I lack of money. Charles I lack of money and his lack of interest in Parliament when making laws angered the people. The result of the war led to King Charles I being beheaded.
He pointed out the flawed system by which the Pope and the Church enforced to followers, revealing the truth to the people, giving them all the more reason to convert to whatever religion they pleased and worship however they felt most comfortable. John Calvin is credited with the creation of Calvinism, another religion formed during the Protestant Revolution. The Counter-Reformation was the Church’s reaction to the Protestant Reformation. This occurrence was put in place to “redeem lost souls”. In order to do such, the Pope and priests from Catholic churches abided to new rules that were implied solely to bring individuals back to the Roman Catholic religion.
But in 1685, the year in which Locke wrote the First Letter concerning religious toleration, Louis XIV had revoked the Edict of Nantes, and the Huguenots were being persecuted and forced to emigrate on mass. People in England were keenly aware of the events taking place in France. In England itself, religious conflict dominated the 17th century, contributing in important respects to the coming of the English civil war, and the abolishing of the Anglican Church during the Protectorate. After the Restoration of Charles II, Anglicans in parliament passed laws which repressed both Catholics and Protestant sects such as Presbyterians, Baptists, Quakers and Unitarians who did not agree with the doctrines or practices of the state Church. Of these various dissenting sects, some were closer to the Anglicans, others more remote.
Ironically, he uses religious references to convey ideas but his beliefs are essentially based on his own occult and anti-Christian theories. The poem prophesies a world that is literally spiralling out of control through great wars and anarchy. While the Europe and the rest of the world was trying to recover from World War 1, Yeats saw great social struggles around him and in this poem, he depicts a world spinning out of control. The first stanza describes the conditions that are present in the world and depicts a gradual loss of control. ‘The falcon cannot hear the falconer’, the use of the particular bird, a falcon, a powerful force that has escaped its master.
I am a devout Calvinist and the king is Roman Catholic, and as such holds strong anti-Protestant views. Because Protestants’ beliefs do not follow the king’s beliefs, King Louis XIV has decided to wage war on anyone that is not Roman Catholic. My arrest was nothing out of the ordinary; many other noble French citizens have met the same fate as I and many more after me as well. I was detained using a “lettre de cachet”, it is a letter under royal seal, issued by the king and signed by a minister, ordering me to be held. King Louis XIV personally decided I was to be imprisoned at the Bastille prison, as he did with the majority of other inmates imprisoned at the Bastille.
By 1527 Henry VIII had decided to divorce Catherine of Aragon, leading to the Reformation and the greatest crisis of his reign. Historians disagree on Henry’s fundamental desire for a divorce, the trigger for the reformation, and thus the multiple factors of the actual reformation are even more disputed. Due to the fraught political situation in Europe, which resulted in Charles V isolating and controlling the Pope, Henry was unable to gain the divorce through the Catholic Church and so was forced to consider other means by 1529. Attempting to pressurise the Pope through Parliament and by sentencing Cardinal Wolsey, his representative, to death, Henry was still unable to achieve the desired effect and thus began his attack on the Church. He reduced clerical privileges and, by charging the clergy with Praemunire, he undermined their power as representatives of the Pope in order to strengthen his own.
But that’s not the only reason religion caused the civil war, King Charles believed in the divine right. It was when the king/queen believes that god put them on the throne. So Charles took all the power because of this and Parliament didn’t want to go with his decision which contributes to the civil war. Also he made Scottish churches uses English prayer books which caused riots and England went to battle with Scotland. England lost.