The Celts would not actually punish an offender nor stand in the way of redemption, in fact this was encouraged but it would be solely down to the offender to earn his way back into his tribe. Belonging to a tribe in Celtic Britain meant everything. Kinship and honour were of utmost importance, so a fear of such isolation and losing religious rites would not only have deterred repeat offending but also stood to deter others from offending. Today, we still use the method of fines as a form of punishment for many offences, where victims can be compensated via the Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority. If an offender does not pay his fine, he could ultimately be sent to prison.
Several similarities and differences can be shown between the knights and the samurai, including feudalism, being guided by a code of honor, education and religion, weapons and armor. Feudalism in both Europe and Japan was similarly structured, as seen in Document A, but there were a few differences. The Samurai would not fight anyone who was inferior to them, therefore making peasants safe, while knights very often attacked peasants and destroyed farms. It was very common, while on the Crusades, to ransack farms for provisions. Lords and Daimyo (basically the same status) built castles for protection, and both the Knights and Samurai were depended on for military service by great landowners.
The slave trade was also introduced. Similar events also happened in India as Europeans began invading their region and forced the Indians to do labor. The labor systems were changed mainly because the Europeans believed they were superior to the Native Americans and treated them like slaves (although they were never referred as slaves). One of the few things that remained the same was tribute as taxes were still imposed on people on the lower half of the social hierarchy. In the Incan empire, they also used the Mita system so that the citizens can pay tax through labor.
Both of these codes were originally created to regulate society and keep balance in the world. Hammurabi’s code was established way before the twelve tables and was really strict towards crime, they believed in a guilty till proven innocent system while roman twelve tables were generally fair and rational about crimes. They believed in innocent till proven guilty.
However, he can still rationalize his actions and come up with excuses as to why he did what he did. He will not take responsibility for the entire Ponzi scheme and anything after. An ideal punishment for Madoff would include a form of retribution to all of the victims that suffered in his hands. Just because his crime was not a violent one, it does not mean it was not a malicious, devious or without intent. White collar crime can negatively affect just as many people and in the same harmful ways, regardless of what someone’s economic status is, therefore, meaning Madoff deserves his 150 year sentence and should be doing additional service to compensate for all that he took form
Bureaucratic systems are orderly and made up of governing action, laws, and orders that hold back individuals such as the patron – client systems from making judgments’ without official consent. According to WeeKoh (2009) this is what is known as the red tape rule where formal documentations processed by administration before any significance can be made p. one The patron – client system associates are allowed to get external means, connections, and manage tasks without acceptance but the tasks has to be helpful to the system. Moreover, individuals associated in the bureaucratic system fault
A benefit of such fines was in the compensation of victims, a scheme still employed today through the Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority. Rehabilitation and Reform were encouraged in Celtic Britain where punishment included useful work and offenders were allowed to tend their land to redeem themselves back into the tribe although not permitted to leave the territory. Community service, ASBOS and Electronic tagging are similar measures in modern Britain with education in prison and compensation orders currently implemented as restorative and rehabilitative processes. In contrast Roman philosophy of punishment incorporated imprisonment, hard labour and the death penalty. There were eight kinds of punishment –fines, flogging,
Senators and Generals: Important to the Roman Republic and leaders of the fall. The senators and generals were an important part of the Roman Republic government structure, but unfortunately they were also just as important in the destruction of the Roman Republic. The Roman Republic was a large and strong government structure. A governmental structure that dictated laws, regulations and policies to the people of Rome. The government expanded greatly along with acquisition and control of the area of land that was acquired through battles.
Forensics The 1900's and 2000's Forensics is the use of science to determine the truth about an occurrence or an object. Forensics is most often applied to criminal events, artifacts and causes of illness or death and used to present criminal court cases. Because people have always been fascinated by mysteries, forensics has had a universal appeal across its extended history and come a long way since its origins in ancient Rome. Etymology The word forensics comes from the Latin word forensis, which means of or before a forum. In ancient Rome, when an individual was charged with a crime, he and his accuser were brought before a public forum.
Are the police doing the job they should be? Why are such crimes committed? These are some of the questions I will be answering throughout the essay. Knife crime is being tackled all over the country in different techniques and methods. The government have been extending the previous sentence for carrying a knife to strike fear into wielders of weapons.