The punishment of present day offenders has elements of the Celtic and Roman approaches.
Throughout history, punishment of offenders always involves some form of pain, discomfort or generally unpleasant experience. Punishment can come in many forms from psychological, financial, and emotional or physical suffering.
The punishment system is generally similar all through history. Reasons for an offender to be punished are Deterrence, rehabilitation, incapacitation and societal protection, retribution, restoration and education and denunciation. This giving similar elements off the Celtic and Roman approaches to present day offenders punishments
Celtic times and modern day in the UK are extremely similar, Offenders are ordered to loose their rights and privileges. In Celtic times they had no prisons so were ordered to remain within their village and not take part in religious activities or where exiled or outlawed depending if the crime was repeated, where in modern day the offenders often incur prison sentences or residential restrictions or to be put on a tag, reducing their rights and privileges and being monitored for so called ‘good behaviour’.
Depending on the severity of the offence, fines were issued which is similar to today, This is there for the offender to financially repay to either the victim or victims family or the organisation the offence was against. If the Celtic offender could not pay then the responsibility fell on a family member with them having power to take assets, Very much like how the bail bond system works today.
Also a common approach to punishment was and still is humiliation. Humiliation within the local community was to make it known that the offender had broke the law. Celtics were sent out to work the land as repayment for the crime committed. In modern times offenders are given a community service orders to repay their time back to the local community and to be visible to members of the community for recognition for the...