The Public Thing: The Roman Republic

918 Words4 Pages
Acacia Jackson 3/2/14 WEB 66244 Journal #3 “The public thing” or the republic was called so because it was an eclectic mix of governing styles that couldn’t be neatly labeled. The republic elected two consuls who acted like monarchs during their tenure but who could veto each other. Any conflict that could not be not settled between the two was deliberated by the Senate or a dictator elected by the Senate. The Senate itself was the aristocratic citizens of Rome. These aristocrats may have had the real power; consuls only stayed in office a year, had to be elected by the majority of aristocrats, and probably had the same agendas and goals of their aristocratic sponsors. At first the common people did not have much voice in this republic,…show more content…
The imperialistic nature of Rome absorbed many foreign elements the most prolific being slaves. Slaves took work form plebeians and helped create a wider gulf between the rich and poor. They also added to the political unrest with their own uprisings and also inciting discontent in the poor who had less and less occupational opportunities because of slavery. This discontent of plebeians allowed ambitious men to champion the causes of the people and acquire political power. One of these ambitious men was Caesar, who changed a dictatorship into a lifetime appointment and started the Roman Empire. (Brophy,…show more content…
Imperialism had divided the Roman Empire into two halves, east and west, with one getting steadily weaker. The migrations of people mixed barbarian and Roman culture. The Roman army was later allowed to marry while in service. This caused questioning of loyalties and morale when fighting the culture that the Roman soldiers had integrated into. This combined with a weak senate, too many slaves and many weak leaders interspersed with a few good ones caused the fall of the Roman Empire. It truly was a collection of many things. (Coffin, 183-184) Bibliography Brophy, James M., Joshua Cole, John Robertson, Thomas M. Safley, and Carol Symes. Perspectives from the Past: Primary Sources in Western Civilizations. 5th ed. Vol. 1. New York: W.W. Norton, 2012. Print. Coffin, Judith, Robert Stacey, Joshua Cole, and Carol Symes. Western Civilizations: Their History & Their Culture. 17th ed. Vol. 1. New York: W.W Norton &, 2011.

More about The Public Thing: The Roman Republic

Open Document