Historical Perspectives of Abnormal Psychology Darlene Carter PSY/410 September 4, 2012 Claudia Daniel Historical Perspectives of Abnormal Psychology Psychology is very important in today’s economy. Psychology plays a major role in how we behave, react, and communicate with others and all people we come in contact with. This paper will examine the origins of abnormal psychology including the challenges that classify and define abnormal psychology. Next, a transitory overview of how abnormal psychology advanced into a scientific discipline is comprehensive. Finally, the theoretical models of the development of abnormal psychology such as biological, medical, sociocultural and psychosocial are all-encompassing to conclude this paper.
Abstract To fully understand why attitudes change in response to a persuasive message, one must examine two of the most prominent contemporary dual-process models; the Elaboration Likelihood Model (ELM) and Heuristic-Systematic Model (HSM). The ELM and the HSM are cognitive models that refer to how people process information. Both are considered dual-process models because they distinguish between two different cognitive routes to persuasion, and although these models are similar in many ways, they are also different in many ways. This paper will analyze the features and assumptions of the ELM and HSM through an analysis of research studies that applied the ELM and HSM to the study of attitude change. Dual-Process Models To fully understand why attitudes change in response to a persuasive message, one must examine two of the most prominent contemporary dual-process models; the Elaboration Likelihood Model (ELM) and Heuristic-Systematic Model (HSM).
Influencing Mental Models William Mankowski OI-361 August 14, 2013 Tina Guyette Influencing Mental Models Mental models are essentially images, thoughts, and conclusions formulated while thinking or contemplating. Mental models or mindsets often manifest as a system of beliefs, values, and ethics. Mental models are developed and molded over time – influenced and shaped by biological, psychological, and sociological experiences and factors. People play an enormous role in shaping the mental mindsets of others. Much of what we believe has been shaped by our parents, families, teachers, clergy, and peers etc.
Personality Development Paper University of Phoenix PSYCH 504 Dr. Donna February 04, 2013 Personality Development Paper Introduction There are several features which contribute to the development of the individual's personality. Many of these factors are adequately discussed in theories of personality development. As society continues to develop into a great melting pot, there is an increase need to research other contributing factors to the development of personalities; focus on cultural, gene-environment influence will be discussed in this paper. The studies of twin inheritability of personality, and the contributing factors over a period of time into adulthood will discussed as well. Lastly, the various personality models may be changed to justify for the differences in the personal, societal, and cultural will be discussed.
In the simulation game, members of our team clearly possessed different mental models at the early stages of the game. This was realized as strategic decision making was a difficult process that required a lot of effort, compromises and time. External sensegiving - as depicted by information presented by the simulation game – and team cognitive ability helped in generating similar and more accurate mental models regarding the generation of reactive strategy adaptation. As the game contained several rounds, degree of decision effectiveness in past rounds was used, whether intentionally or subconsciously, to reevaluate the way external sensegiving was interpreted and processed. This, in turn, helped shaping similar and more accurate mental models as team psychological collectivism was building up.
A comparison of the Rorschach and Myers-Briggs Assessments submitted to: Dr. Lu Ezekanaga PY525 Abstract This paper was designed to evaluate two different assessments used in the process of personality assessment. The assessments that will be compared and contrasted in this paper are the Myers-Brigg and the Rorschach. Both tests have been used widely in the field of personality assessment. However, there are some positives and negatives to using one assessment over the other depending on what aspect of personality is being assessed. This paper will discuss the beneficial and non-beneficial aspects of both assessments.
University of Phoenix Online PSY 405/Dr.Cree February 28, 2011 Dispositional Personality Theories With personalities they take part in an important part of everyday life. From Freud to Horney they have produced diverse theories to assist in explaining the development of personality. Within the paper we will discuss Dispositional theories and, how they influence personalities and interpersonal relationships. We will analyze their strengths and limitations and how they can transform personality and influence our life and how we conduct ourselves. In our matrix we will discuss Allport’s psychology of the individual theory, and the trait and factor theory.
CULTURE SHOCK A study of organisational culture and its influence on Mergers and Acquisitions. Executive summary This report outlines the progress in the study of organisational culture, attempting to address the ambiguity surrounding this influential but often unidentifiable organisational characteristic. It aims to add clarity to the numerous theoretical definitions and evaluate the rationale for why organisational culture really exists. The report looks at various methods and tools for identifying culture within an organisational setting, providing managers with an understanding of how to define and characterise their own organisational culture. Furthermore, I examine the importance of organisational culture and its influence on the success or failure of merger or acquisition activity, specifically looking at a case of blending organisational cultures within this context.
The contributions of the major theorist who worked to develop each theory. C. Define the major principles associated within this theory as they relate to the psychology of learning. D. Summarize how this theory makes use of prior experience in explaining how people learn. E. Describe how this theory explains how permanent change in behavior takes place. F. Apply this theory to a real world setting (schools, treatment facility, business, and social activities).
Social cognition is concerned with the storage, processing, and application of social information. This branch is closely related to cognitive psychology because these researches are is full of schemas; which is our general ideas about the world, things in it, how things work, and how things are. Schemas are a wonderful thing because their shortcuts in one’s own mind that allows you to continue with your day rather than stopping to interpret everything around. Naturally schemas will develop associations between related schemas which eventually affect social behavior. Attitudes and attitude changes are a major study because of the components of attitudes like how they develop and their changes.