Joseph (Jo) Rotblat was a nuclear scientist. He helped to make the first atomic bomb. But for decades he campaigned against what he had helped unleash. Until he died last year, aged 96, he pursued this aim with the dynamism of a man half his age, inspiring others to join the cause. He was born in Poland in 1908.
“It wasn’t necessary to hit them with that awful thing” – Dwight Eisenhower Discuss this quote in relation to historian’s views on the United States decision to drop the atomic bombs on Japan. On August 6th and August 9th 1945, atomic weapons were used as weapons for the first and only time in human history. President Truman’s decision to drop the atomic bombs on Japan has since created some of the most controversial debates in history. Historians have been divided since that day, as to whether or not it was necessary to drop the atomic bombs, and what the real reasons for dropping them were. In fact, the debates behind using the atomic bombs against Japan began even before the decision was made.
Iran claims the recent uranium stockpile is specifically for the use of their peaceful energy program; however, the United States and other P5 countries share the concern that the stockpile and dramatic production increase needs to be stopped immediately, preventing Iran from creating nuclear weapons. Iran’s nuclear program is assumed to be capable of creating a nuclear weapon within the next year. In a speech addressed to the UN General Assembly Netanyahu physically drew a red line on a diagram of a cartoon bomb under a divided section marked, “final stage” (Nichols 1). Netanyahu and other experts suggest that if uranium enrichment stockpiles remain at these levels or increase, Iran will be capable of nuclear weapons and sooner than expected. Netanyahu’s illustration for his speech approximates Iran is 90 percent along the way to the creation of nuclear weapons.
World War II was a disastrous, worldwide conflict that affected all the corners of the earth. Even after VE day in Europe, the war continued for more than 3 months, until VJ day in mid-August of 1945. This war in Japan ended a short time after the atomic bombing of two cities in Japan. However, the decision to drop an atomic bomb on Hiroshima was a diplomatic measure calculated to intimidate the Soviet Union in the post Second World War era, rather than a strictly military measure designed to force Japan’s unconditional surrender. The US at the time of the bombing of Hiroshima was led by Harry S. Truman, who had been pushed into the position of leadership by the death of Roosevelt.
Model Essay Student’s Name Section Number Why the Atomic Bombs Saved Japan. The decision to use nuclear weapons to stop the War in the Pacific by President Harry S. Truman in August, 1945 remains controversial to this day. Most of Truman’s critics, the so-called revisionist historians, argue that Japan wanted to surrender and had already been defeated, making the use of atomic bombs unnecessary. They say the bombs were used mainly to demonstrate America’s power to intimidate the Soviet Union. The historians who support Truman, sometimes called the traditionalists, agree that Japan had been defeated but argue that Japan was not ready to surrender and was, in fact, preparing for one last great battle that would have cost millions of lives.
The Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki Why Did the U.S. Decide to Drop the Bomb on Japan? In May 1943, the U.S. was planning to use the bomb not on Germany but Japan. The following September, the U.S. and British leaders agreed to use the bomb against Japan. After spring 1945, with Japan in an extremely weak position, the United States was considering the following ways of bringing the long war to an end: invade the Japanese mainland in November 1945, ask the Soviet Union to join the war against Japan, assure continuation of the emperor system, or use the atomic bomb.
Upon learning the full scope of what the results if the Manhattan Project was successful, General Groves was so shocked, at first, he wanted nothing to do with command. However after reflecting and seeing beyond the moment, as leaders must do, he realized that the power of an atomic bomb in the right hands could end the war once and for all (McKain 21). On September 1942, General Leslie Grove became officer in charge of the Manhattan Project and along with Oppenheimer agreed the project required an isolated area, so the first informative action was purchasing the Oak Ridge complex so workers could attempt to separate two isotopes of uranium. This decision allowed the Atomic bomb to be made more efficient and at a reduced cost (Beyer 50). Oak Ridge became the center where all of the different segments could be assembled and test the power of the atomic
Even after the surrender of Nazi Germany on May 8th, the war against Japan continued. The United States threatened to destroy Japan in the Potsdam declaration, but this threat was ignored by the Japanese. This prompted the use of the atom bomb. The first atom bomb was dropped on Heroshima on August 6. Three days later, another atom bomb was dropped on Nagasaki.
It was the first event in which the whole world witnessed the power of nuclear weapons and the only time nuclear weapons have been used in war. The present text explores the causes of the atomic bombings on Hiroshima and Nagasaki and their effects on Japan’s economy. The author attempts an understanding of these evidences through many reliable government records and historical sources. This paper seeks to answer the question: What were the causes of the atomic bombings on Hiroshima and Nagasaki and their effects on Japan’s economy? INTRODUCTION On August 6th, 1945, an B-29 aircraft dropped the very first nuclear bomb over the city of Hiroshima.
Madeline Stephens US History G1 Gardner 20 March 2015 Justification of the Atomic Bomb Following the end of World War II, debate has risen pertaining to the justification of the use of the atomic bomb. The discussion has revolved specifically around the bombing of Japan, in which the first atomic bomb in history was deployed. The USA dropped two atomic bombs on Japan during the final weeks of the Second World War beginning with a uranium gun-type bomb, Little Boy, on the city of Hiroshima on August 6, 1945, followed by a plutonium implosion-type bomb, Fat Man, on the city of Nagasaki on August 9,1945. This resulted in the end of a dark period that entailed the most costly conflict, in terms of life, in history. The threat of atomic