The Pros and Cons of Plea Bargaining

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A Plea bargain is an agreement between the prosecutor and the defendant in a criminal case where the defendant pleads guilty to a certain charge in exchange for a lesser penalty from the prosecutor. Plea bargaining brings many benefits to the prosecutor and the court system but also comes with much criticism. Normally the judge will offer a plea bargain when the defendant knowingly waives his rights and admits that their guilty. The use of plea bargaining can benefit the criminal justice system as a whole. For a defendant faces several years in jail and possibly multiple charges they can look forward to a few of their sentences being dropped and a reduction in their sentencing. A plea bargain can also result in a defendant not having to go to jail which can in the long run decrease the inmate population in jails and prisons. The prosecution benefits the most from plea bargaining. By offering a plea to a criminal for admitting their guilt the prosecution can alter the sentencing of the defendant. If a defendant agrees to wave their rights to trial the courts are saved time and a critical amount of money which benefits the entire criminal justice system as a whole. The biggest benefit of plea bargaining is that the courts become less congested and prosecutors can handle more cases. With the benefits of plea bargaining comes a wide-spread criticism. For the defendant the biggest problem with plea bargaining is that he or she may be innocent. This innocent defendant is afraid to face the court and would like to avoid the risk of being found guilty so they take a plea bargain. One of the biggest criticisms plea bargaining receives is that it is unconstitutional. By taking away the defendants right to a trial jury the courts are being unconstitutional. Another reason plea bargaining can be an awful way of dealing with criminals is that police investigations are

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